【文化】老外们对“粽子”的看法也是醉了,该向老外朋友传播粽子文化了

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墨尔本自驾游  ID: meldriveyourself

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明天就是端午节了,还在为南北的“甜、咸粽子大战”争论不休吗?如今,在这个注重保护文化遗产的时代,如果老外朋友向我们问及端午节的由来,却无从开口。这样,自己失去了一次传播中华文化的机会,外国友人也失去了一次感受流传千年灿烂文化的机会,这才是真正值得争论的事。

看看老外们是如何“挑战”吃粽子的


1

端午节 (Dragon boat Festival)

The Dragon Boat Festival, the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, has had a history of more than 2,000 years. It is usually in June in the solar calendar.

端午节(农历5月5日)是中国古老的传统节日,始于春秋战国时期,至今已有2000多年历史,通常在阳历的六月份。


2

粽子 (zongzi)

During the Duanwu Festival, a glutinous rice pudding called zong zi is eaten to symbolize the rice offerings to Qu. Ingredients such as beans, lotus seeds, chestnuts, pork fat and the golden yolk of a salted duck egg are often added to the glutinous rice. The pudding is then wrapped with bamboo leaves, bound with a kind of raffia and boiled in salt water for hours.

在端午节,糯米的粽子吃布丁称为是象征着大米祭屈原。成分如豆类、莲子(莲子)、栗子(栗子),猪肉脂肪和金色的蛋黄一个咸鸭蛋通常添加到糯米。这布丁后用竹叶,绑定在一个善良的椰树和煮盐水数小时。


3

赛龙舟 (Dragon boat racing)

Dragon boat racing is a traditional pastime where crews of 22 seated in long, dragon-shaped boats race lengths of up to 2000m. The Races are an indispensable part of the Dragon Boat Festival and are held all over China.


4

饮雄黄酒 (Realgar wine)

Realgar wine is Chinese liquor seasoned with realgar. It is a custom to drink the wine during the Dragon Boat Festival.



端午节

  农历五月初五,是中国民间传统的端午节,也叫“五月节”。过端午节时,人们要吃粽子、赛龙舟。据说,举行这些活动,是为了纪念中国古代伟大的爱国诗人屈原。

  屈原是战国时期楚国人。战国时齐、楚、燕、韩、赵、魏、秦七国中,秦国最强,总想吞并其它六国,称霸天下。屈原是楚国的大夫(dafu),很有才能。他主张改革楚国政治,联合各国,共同抵抗秦国。但是,屈原的主张却遭到了奸佞的反对。楚王听信了谗言,不但不采纳屈原的主张,还把他赶出了楚国的国都。屈原离开国都后,仍然关心国家的命运。后来,他听到楚国被秦国打败的消息,非常悲痛,感到自己已经没有力量拯救祖国,就跳进汨罗江自杀了。这一天正是公元前278年农历的五月初五。

  人们听到屈原跳江的消息后,都划船赶来打捞他的尸体,但始终没有找到。为了不让鱼虾吃掉屈原的身体,百姓们就把食物扔进江中喂鱼。以后,每年五月初五人们都要这样做。后来,人们又改为用芦苇的叶子把糯米包成粽子扔进江里。于是,就形成了端午节吃粽子、赛龙舟的习俗。

五月五过端午


The Dragon boat festival

  The fifth day of the fifth lunar month is a traditional Chinese folk festival ?the Dragon Boat Festival, also called the "Festival of the Fifth Month". On that day, people eat zongzi (pyramid-shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves) and hold dragon-boat races. It is said, these activities commemorate the great patriotic poet Qu Yuana in ancient China.

  Qu Yuan lived in the State of Chu in the Warring States Period (475-221 BC). Among the states of Qi, Chu, Yan, Han, Zhao, Wei and Qin, the State of Qin was the strongest, and it wished to annex the others to become even more powerful. Qu Yuan was a Dafub. He maintained that Chu's politics should be reformed and that it should unite with other states to resist Qin. But his stand was opposed by crafty sycophants, who used malicious accusations to persuade the king of Chu not to adopt the idea and to drive Qu Yuan from the capital. Despite being exiled, Qu Yuan was still concerned about the fate of the state. Later, when he heard the news that Qin had defeated the State of Chu, he was very grieved and felt that he had no power to save his motherland, and drowned himself in the Miluo Riverc. It was the fifth day of the fifth lunar month in 278 BC.

  When people heard the news, they rowed their boats to try and find his corpse, but failed. In order not to let the fish and shrimps eat the corpse, people threw food into the river to feed them. Thereafter, on each fifth day of the fifth lunar month, people would throw food into the river. And later, people used reed leaves to wrap glutinous rice into pyramid-shaped dumplings (zongzi) for this purpose. Thus the custom of eating zongzi and staging dragon-boat race was formed.






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