【美国音乐】福音/灵魂乐

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Mahalia Jackson


https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Mahalia_Jackson


福音音乐兴起于美国南方的奴隶农庄,是奴隶们在工作或教堂中为表达痛苦与希望所哼唱的灵魂乐曲。


在30年代,汤玛士多尔塞( Thomas A. Dorsey)融合了这些灵魂乐与爵士与蓝调风谱出了第一首名为“上帝请牵引我”的福音歌曲。


如果多尔塞是“福音之父”,马哈里亚杰克逊便毋庸置疑是“福音皇后”。杰克逊和她同时期的音乐家们为美国的民权运动提供了“背景声道”,她甚至在马丁路德发表著名演说“我有一个梦”的前后空档演唱。


福音乐曲是代表宗教自由,平等与正义的音乐赞美诗。


了解更多讯息:https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Mahalia_Jackson


#AmericanMusic – Gospel/Spiritual: Gospel music sprung up from slave plantations in the American South. Slaves sang spiritual songs in the work fields and in church to express their anguish and hope. In the 1930s, Thomas A. Dorsey combined those spiritual songs with jazz and blues rhythms to write “Take My Hand, Precious Lord,” the first gospel song. If Dorsey was the “father of gospel,” Mahalia Jackson was undoubtedly its “queen.”  Jackson and her contemporaries provided the “soundtrack” for the U.S. civil rights movement; she even sang before and after Martin Luther King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech. Gospel remains a musical anthem for religious freedom, equality, and justice.


For more information: http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/article/2012/03/201203071732.html#axzz4BnieJJku


 



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