23个美国留学签证面试常见问题

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收藏文章 赞一个 已赞 2015-11-27 美国留学生活



  准备去美国留学的同学对于面签都或多或少有些惧怕心理,一是担心自己的英语不是那么的好,二是担心自己回答的答案并不是签证官所要的。事实上,签证官们问的问题都是和你相关的,可以提前做好准备,这样面签的时候就不会那么心慌了!

  过往经验

  关于这一方面,签证官会问到以前学习的学校、专业,工作的公司名称等,以及相关的一些细节。针对这类问题,申请者只需如实回答,并适时主动的出示证明自己言论的相关文件,比如毕业证、成绩单、辞职信、以前的名片等。签证官还会问选择美国、目标学校、所学专业的原因,对于这部分问题,申请者要提高警惕。虽然有些申请者有毕业之后在美工作几年或者移民的打算,但这正是我们重点向面试官回避的。

  申请原因

  我们可以从学术氛围、可用资源、教育水平等方面强调美国的优势,尤其可以强调自己的学校在所学专业上的特点。当签证官问申请者申请了几所学校,分别是什么的时候,一般列举6、7个相同档次的即可。如果申请的学校过多或者档次拉开的过大,可能会给签证官一个为了到美国而申请的印象,从而怀疑我们的留学动机。

  专业程度

  针对这类问题,我们推荐申请者把学校的地理位置有一个初步的了解。并且了解这个专业的课程设计、毕业流程、自己所学专业或者导师最近的研究课题等。如果设计到一些敏感专业,尽量详细介绍自己即将开展的课题的“非敏感性”,并积极出示相关证明材料,如美国导师写的support letter、导师的简历以及自己在相关领域的论文等。

  就业前景

  不管冷门专业还是热门专业,申请者都要尽量让签证官看到申请者对就业的信心。尤其需要强调所学专业在中国的发展空间,以及潜在的就业方向,可以列举需要此专业人才的大公司、政府部门或者学校的名字。

  下面是23个面签中常见的问题及其参考答案。

  1) What will you study in the United States? (你将在美国学习什么?)

  I will study for my Ph.D degree in Electric and Computer Engineering in Auburn University.

  2) What is your major? In what aspect of your major will you study?(你的专业是什么?你准备修什么方面的专业?)

  What's your favorite subject? My major of undergraduate study in ZhongShan university is Computational Science and my major of Ms' degree in Peking University is Computer Engineering. My specified field of study is Video and Image Processing.

  3) What will you do in USA? / Are you going to study in USA?(你准备在美国做什么?/你准备在美国学习吗?)

  I will study for my Ph.D degree in Electric and Computer Engineering in Auburn University. I plan to finish my study in about 4 years and then come back to china.

  4)Why not continue your studies in China?(为什么你不继续在中国学习呢?)

  Because my career goals are to become a senior executive in a 5-star hotel within 5 years and set up my own hotel within 10 years. In order to achieve these goals, I need advanced and professional knowledge in Hospitality Management. The US can provide the best opportunity for me to get what I need.

  You know, there is still a gap between Chinese educational level and the American's. The US has the best educational recourses and models in the world, and the American education combines practical experience with classroom theory while the Chinese education focuses more on theory.

  Moreover, hospitality industry is highly developed in America. So I can learn the latest information about hospitality management to enrich my knowledge.

  5) When/where did you get your BS/MS?(什么时候/在哪里你拿到理学学士学位/硕士学位?)

  I got my Bachelor's degree in Computational Science in 2006 from ZhongShan university. I got my Master's degree in Computer Engineering in 2010 from Peking University.

  6) What/where are you studying now? (你现在在哪里学习?)

  I'm unemployed now. I quited my job in October this year.

  7) How long will you study in USA? (你将在美国学习多久?)

  About 4 years. If I wok hard i can get my PHD within a shorter time.

  8) Have you received any scholarship?(你拿到什么奖学金吗?)

  I did apply for scholarship but I don't know the result yet. Since my advisor told me scholarships will not be processed until after the start of the semester. But even if I didn't get.

  9) Why you don't receive financial aid from this Univ.? (你为什么从学校获得了助学金?)

  No, the competition in Electric Engineering is very fierce and the budget for international students who want to enroll in Spring semester is limited, so I didn't get any scholarship.

  10) What do you do with your work for PhD? (你为你的博士学位做了什么)

  I will take courses, teaching, do research, and finish my thesis in the area of image processing to get my Ph.d in Electric Engineering in 4 years.

  11) What is your purpose for the visa? (你的签证目的是什么)

  I need a F-1 visa in order to study for my Ph.D degree in Electric and Computer Engineering in Auburn University. I plan to finish my study in about 4 years and then come back to china.

  12) What is your academic background? (你的学术背景是什么)

  I got my bachelor's degree in Computational Science in 2006 from ZhongShan University and got my MS's degree in Software Engineering in 2010 from Peking University.Image processing is my favorite research field, I have published several papers and a book on this field and I also have two years working experience on that.

  13) How do you know this Univ.? (你怎么知道这所大学的?)

  I searched the Ranking of University in Electric Engineering on line and read the schools among the top 100 lists, visited their website to get familiar with their faculty and research. I found there are 7 professors in Electric department in Auburn University whose research interest includes image processing, very many, then I decide to apply for this University.

  14) What is your plan? What will you do after graduation? (你有什么计划?毕业后准备做什么?)

  I will specialize in Image Processing and finish my Ph.D study in Electric Engineering in Auburn University in about 4 years.Then I will come back to China and find a position in an University. My desired work place is ShenZhen, I'm going to join ShenZhen University to be a professor in Electric Engineering.

  15) Give me three reasons that you will come back to China? (给我三个你会回中国的理由)

  First of all, I'm the only child of my parents. I have to come back and take care of my parents since they will become older and weaker as time goes by. The attachment to family is very strong for our Chinese people. Secondly, as you can see, I applied for a PH.D program instead of M.S. program. As far as I know, and probably as you know, Ph.D holders in the States are not so easy to find good jobs as Ms holders even in the same discipline. If I intended to find a job and stay in the states, I would not have applied for Ph.D. but MS program. And Ph.D will take much more time, without the real interest, who would pay so much time and energy to chase a Ph.D degree? Finally, it will be very easy for me to find a good job in any of the big cities in china with my Ph.D in Electric Engineering got in the United States. My career objective determines that it is a better choice for me to come back to China than staying in the states. You see my long range objective is to become a professor and it would be very difficult for me to realize it should I choose to stay in the states, for the United States is a highly developed county, the competition to get a position in University is too fierce. On the contrary, if I come back to china, I have much better opportunity. Since china is underdeveloped, it leaves much more space for people, so it is much more practical for me to get a teaching position in a Chinese University.

  16) Can you explain why 90% Chinese students didn't come back? (你能解释为什么90%的中国学生都不回国吗?)

  I think that is partly because they were afraid that they would not be treated fairly after they come back. As a matter of fact, that used to be the reality. But things has been changing greatly during recent years and much more students are coming back after they have finished their study. I also think this has something to do with the majors. As for students majoring in science, they may like the better equipment, environment and salary in the states because they are afraid that if they are back some of their research can not go on as a result of poor facility and shortage of funding. But as for my major, it will be very easy for me to find a good job in any of the big cities in china with my Ph.D in Electric Engineering got in the United States. You see, it is a practical major. My career objective also determines that it is a better choice for me to come back to China than staying in the states. You see my long range objective is to become a professor and it would be very difficult for me to realize it should I choose to stay in the states, for the United States is a highly developed county, the competition to get a position in University is too fierce. On the contrary, if I come back to china, I have much better opportunities. Since china is underdeveloped, it leaves much more space for people, so it is much more practical for me to get a teaching position in a Chinese University.

  17) Why do you choose this Univ.? (你为什么选择这所大学)

  First of all, the Electric Engineering program of Auburn University is among the top Ph.D programs in the states, and in my proposed research field-image processing, there are 7 professors in Electric Engineering Department in Auburn University. And also I like the weather of Auburn, just similar to the weather of GuangZhou. Another reason is that I got the admission from Auburn University very early-in early October. And I accepted this admission before November 1st.

  18) Why do you like your major? (你为什么喜欢你的专业)

  I believe Electric Engineering is promising in china. As for my major, it will be very easy for me to find a good job in any of the big cities in china with my Ph.D got in the United States. You see, it is a practical major. My long range objective is to become a professor and it would be very difficult for me to realize it should I choose to stay in the states, for the United States is a highly developed county, the competition to get a position in University is too fierce. On the contrary, if I come back to china, I have much better opportunities. Since china is underdeveloped, it leaves much more space for people, so it is much more practical for me to get a teaching position in a Chinese University.

  19) Why do you want to study in USA? (你为什么想在美国学习)

  I believe Electric Engineering is a promising major currently in China. The United States offers the best education in this field. The professors in the states have deeper knowledge in this science, while the research in China trying to understand one technology in Electric Science, the professors in the states are able to create more original theories. So to have my Ph.D education in the USA is a reasonable and wise decision.

  20) Why do you want to pursue a doctor's degree? (你为什么想攻读博士学位)

  As for my major, it will be very easy for me to find a good job in china with my Ph.D degree in Electric Engineering got in the United States. You see, it is a practical major. My long range objective is to become a professor and I think a Ph.D is necessary for me to realize my career objective.I don't want to stop someday on my half way toward success to resume my study as a result of lacking of knowledge.So I need a Ph.D degree in this field.

  21) What is the most difficult class do you have? (你觉得什么课程比较困难?)

  Probably algorithm. It is a course about advanced calculating and requires high technique in both computer programming and mathematics.

  22) Have you assigned any tutor? (你有安排导师吗?)

  My tutor has not been determined, the university let me decide who I will follow within one year after my arrival in the campus.

  23) What's the difference between your major now and the major in USA? (你现在的专业和你在美国念的专业有什么不同?)

  They belongs to the same field. My undergraduate study and graduate study are mathematics and computer engineering. The major I'm going to study in Auburn University is Electric and Computer Engineering. The only difference is that what I'm going to study is more detailed and much deeper in this filed.


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