【移民增长】未来一年澳洲将吸19万移民 70%为技术移民

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据《澳洲人报》514日报导,由于政府重新把雇主担保签证作为移民项目的重点,下财年(201471日到2015630日)技术移民在澳洲移民项目中所占的比例将接近70%



移民部长莫里森(Scott Morrison)表示,技术移民计划需要配合澳洲的经济状况及对技术人才的需求。作为澳洲人道主义移民项目的一部分,澳洲将在未来5年内额外提供2万个人道主义签证配额。


据悉,2014-15年移民计划总共提供19万个签证名额,当中包括12.855万个技术移民名额,6.0885万个家庭移民名额和565个特殊资格移民的名额。



由于政府再次把雇主担保签证放在优先位置,在未能找到本地工人的情况下,政府将协助雇主寻找适合的海外技术工人,以填补国内的重要职业空缺。莫里森说。预计他的话将引发工会的愤怒,但他强调这些措施都是为了保护
澳洲工人,他们将比较不会受到未获岗位僱佣就来到澳洲的独立移民的竞争


预算案指出,技术移民将继续满足澳洲对技能人才的长期需求,包括解决澳洲偏远地区的技能短缺问题。政府也将废除工党额外分配给寻求庇护者的4000个家庭团聚移民名额,此举将节省2.67亿元。



在人道主义移民项目上,政府将在下财年欢迎13750名难民,澳洲仍将是世界前三的难民收容国之一。13750个名额包含至少4千个特殊人道主义项目名额,这是为境外的人道主义难民家庭准备的。


工党执政时期,该项目的名额跌至只剩500个,那些坐船偷渡的人抢走了通过合法途径申请避难者的名额。
莫里森说,该项目名额的增加,是政府阻截船民成功的红利

受难妇女项目将获得1000个名额,该项目进入了第25个年头,将有额外的1.4万签证被发放给弱势的妇女难民和她们的孩子。



2月,政府成立了一个专家小组来调查457签证计划被滥用一事。这次审查给僱主提供了一个缩减工党对技术移民限制的机会。



移民部数据显示,截至331日,澳洲国内的457签证移民人数达到11.178万人,增幅为5.9%





英文原版:


SKILLED migrants will make up almost 70 per cent of Australia’s migration program as the government reprioritises employer-sponsored visas.


Immigration Minister Scott Morrison, who said the skilled migration program needed to match the nation’s economic and skills needs, will also provide 20,000 extra Special Humanitarian ­Places over five years as part of Australia’s humanitarian intake.


The 2014-15 migration program provides a total of 190,000 places including 128,550 for skilled migration, 60,885 places for family migration and 565 ­places for migration under the special eligibility stream.


“With the reprioritisation towards employer-sponsored visas, employers will be assisted in finding workers to fill vital positions where they have been unable to find local workers,’’ Mr Morrison said.


His comments are expected to raise the hackles of unions, but he said the moves had been designed to protect “Australian workers, who will have less direct competition from independent migrants who arrive without a guaranteed job’’.


The budget says the skilled stream will continue to focus on Australia’s longer-term skills needs, including addressing skills shortages in regional Australia.


The government will also save $267 million over the forward ­estimates by removing Labor’s ­additional 4000 places in the family stream, which were allocated to asylum-seekers.


“This change will provide yet another disincentive for people considering the dangerous boat journey to Australia,’’ Mr Morrison said.


On the humanitarian side of the ledger, the government will welcome 13,750 people in 2014-15 through the program, with the government saying Australia will remain one of the top three refugee resettlement countries in the world.


The 13,750 places will include at least 4000 under the Special Humanitarian Program for the families of offshore humanitarian entrants.


“Under Labor, this program fell to just 500 places as those who came by boat took the place of people who applied through the legitimate process,’’ Mr Morrison said.


He said the increase was the “humanitarian dividend’’ of the government’s success in stopping the arrival of asylum-seeker boats.


One thousand places will also be allocated to the Women at Risk program, which is now in its 25th year and has seen more than 14,000 visas granted to vulnerable refugee women and their ­children.


In February, the government named an expert panel to investigate competing claims that the 457 visa program was beset by rorts that punished workers and rules that hobbled employers.


The review, which was promised before the election, could give employers another chance to scale back Labor’s controversial limits on skilled worker visas.


Earlier this month, the Construction Forestry Mining and Energy Union called for tougher rules in the program after ­Immigration Department figures showed that there were 111,780 457 visa workers in Australia as of March 31, up 5.9 per cent.







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