犯罪类?学会这些,不再是大难题!

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收藏文章 赞一个 已赞 2016-03-29 墨尔本无忧雅思



 

记得今年3月初,A类大作文中出现的关于监狱的讨论,让不少烤鸭当场傻眼,完全不知该从何下手。总的来说,虽然犯罪类话题并不是雅思写作每年的高发类题型,但是根据2015高频的趋势来讲,2016年雅思写作犯罪类有望打破记录,那么对于犯罪类话题,你做好准备了吗?

今天无忧小雅哥&悉尼雅思姐就来和大家仔细说一说,犯罪类的话题究竟该怎么说~
首先我们先看一下历年雅思写作的出题趋势:

【080112】
 Some people think the best way to reduce crime is to give longer prison sentence. Others, however, think there are better alternative ways to reduce crime. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

一些人认为减少犯罪的最好的办法是判刑更长,然而其他人认为还有其他的方法减少犯罪,讨论双方观点并给出自己的看法。

【080816】
Detailed descriptions of crimes are often given in the newspaper or on TV. Some people think it has bad consequences on the society and so should be restricted. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 

犯罪的细节描述经常出现在报纸电视上。一些人认为对社会有消极影响所以应该被限制。多大程度同意不同意?

【090613】
  After criminals are set free, some of them continue to commit crimes. Why do you think this is the case? Provide solutions.

有些罪犯被释放后继续犯罪。为什么?怎么解决?

【090917】
  Some people think that lawbreakers should be sent to prison. However, others think that better talents among those should be made to work. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

一些人认为犯罪的人应该被送进监狱。然而其他人认为应该给这些罪犯中的一些优秀人才工作机会。讨论双方观点并给出自己的看法。

【091107】
  The rate of crime committed by teenagers is increasing throughout the world. Discuss the possible reasons and give suggestions on how to solve the problem.

年轻人的犯罪率在全球范围内都在上升。讨论可能的原因并给出解决方法。


【091219】
  Crime is a problem all over the world and there is nothing to do to prevent it. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 在全球范围内犯罪都是个问题,没有方法可以阻止。多大程度同意还是不同意?

【120512 / 080918 / 050618】
  Sending criminals to prison is not the effective method to deal with them. Education and job training should be used instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 

把罪犯关进监狱不是个有效的方法。相反,应该对他们教育和工作培训。多大程度同意还是不同意?


【121103 / 150903】
  Many people are afraid to leave their homes because of their fear of crime. Some believe that more actions should be taken to prevent crime, but others feel that little can be done. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

很多人不敢出门因为害怕罪犯。一些人相信应该采取更多的措施去防止犯罪,但是其他人认为根本没用。讨论双方观点并给出自己的看法。

【130216 (080112和090917结合)】
  Some people think all lawbreakers should be put into prison, others believe that there are better alternatives. Discuss and give your opinion.

一些人认为所有的罪犯都应给被关进监狱,其他人认为有更好的方法。讨论双方观点并给出自己的看法。

【131109 / 150425】
  Young people who commit serious crimes should be punished in the same way as adults. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 

犯重罪的年轻人应该受到和成年人一样的处罚。多大程度同意还是不同意?

【140607 / 110820】
  Some people believe that if a police force carries a gun, it will encourage higher levels of violence in the whole society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 一些人认为如果警察携带枪支,会促使暴力的增加。多大程度同意还是不同意?

【140802 / 100805】
  In many parts of the world, children and teenagers are committing more crimes. Why is this happening? How these children or teenagers should be punished

在很多地方,孩子和青少年犯罪率增多。为什么?如何去惩罚他们?

【141108】
  Some people think that most crime is the result of circumstances, e.g. Poverty and other social problems. Others however, think it is bad by nature. Discuss and give your opinion.

一些人认为大多数犯罪是因为环境,比如说贫困和其他社会问题。其他人认为这些人本质是坏的讨论双方观点并给出自己的看法。

  

2015年出现的新题

【2015.06.27】
  People do not feel safe either when they are at home or when they go out. Why is the case? What can we do to reduce this problem?

无论是在家还是在外面人们都感觉不到安全。为什么?做什么可以解决问题?

【2015.08.08】
  Some people who have been in prison become good citizens later. Some people think that they are the best people to talk to school students the danger committing a crime. Do you agree or disagree?

一些人认为刑满释放的人已经成为好的公民以后,是教育孩子犯罪的危害的最好的人选。同意与否?

综合上述所列题目,总的来说,以往考的雅思写作犯罪类问题通常涉及:

  • 降低犯罪率的方法

  • 曝光犯罪细节

  • 二次犯罪

  • 青少年犯罪

  • 犯罪的原因

  • 警察携枪

但2015年的题目明显更加注重细节,有很多的修饰词出现,例如:在家里仍然感觉不安全;刑满释放的人去教育孩子, 等等。因此,同学们在答题时需要额外注意。


除了idea之外,犯罪类话题的topic-related-word对于不少同学也是一大挑战,无忧小雅哥&悉尼雅思姐就根据以往出现的考题范畴,给出一些词组供同学们备考记忆:
  
  Community n.社区

  Independent adj.独立的

  Individual 个人

  Negative adj.消极的、负面的

  Phenomenon n.现象

  Prejudice n.偏见

  Preserve v.保护

  Purpose n.目的

  Prison n.监狱

  Progress n.进步

  Promote v.促进

  Provide v.提供

  Punish v.惩罚

  Punishment n.惩罚

  Situation n.情形

  rehabilitation 使…回复正常生活

  criminal/offender/convict/prisoner/inmate罪犯

  ex-prisoner/ released prisoners/ former inmate出狱的犯人 

        (词汇的多样性一下子就达到了呢)

  victim 受害者

  Tightly adv.严格地

  Untouched 未触动过的、没受损伤的

  discrimination 歧视/ prejudice/ bias 偏见

  compassion 同情

  kidnap 抢劫--theft 偷盗

  revenge 报复

  release- set free 释放

  punish- punishment/ penalty/ sentence 惩罚

  surveillance 监视,看守

  Be based on 建立在…的基础之上

  Be closely related to… 和…紧密相关

  Be responsible for… 对…负责任

  Child labour 童工

  Commit crimes 犯罪

  Do harm to 对…有坏处

  Financial support 经济支持

  Lead a … life/lifestyle 过…样的生活

  Pay attention to 关注

  Secondary school 初中

  Step into society 步入社会

  Take sth. into account/consideration把…考虑在内

  Take measures 采取措施

  Tend to 倾向做…

  crime rate 犯罪率

  criminal tendency 犯罪倾向

  be brought to justice 绳之以法

  be imprisoned/ be jailed 监禁 v.

  be deprived of 被剥夺…

  Reduce temptation 减少诱惑

  sound legal system 健全的法律体制

  criminal justice 司法公正

  make laws / legislate 立法

  formulate/ enact policy 制定/颁布政策

  enforce the law 执法

  take effect 奏效

  national security/ 国家安全

  abide by the law/ comply with/ conform to 守法

  break the law / commit a crime 违法/犯罪

  juvenile delinquency 青少年犯罪 (拼写是一大难点,一定要注意注意再注意

  detention centre 管教中心

  correctional education 矫正教育

  first-time offender 初犯

  repeat criminal/ recidivist 惯犯

  criminal record 犯罪记录


以上就是关于犯罪类话题最基本的备考词汇,对于冷门的话题类型,烤鸭们首先要有充分的准备,平时勤写勤练,其次在考场万一遇到,切莫慌张,认真审题,注意题目中出现的修饰词,关注词汇的变化即可。无忧小雅哥&悉尼雅思姐祝大家都能早日获得4个7!机会通常只会留给有准备的人哦~



无忧小雅哥 mr_51ielts

悉尼无忧雅思姐 mrs_51ielts




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