清明节的由来--长知识英文版|美国瑞德教育

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清 明 节



(Tomb-Sweeping Day) Qing Ming Jie(All Souls' Day)


Qing Ming is a time to remember the dead and the dearly departed. More important, it is a period to honour and to pay respect to one's deceased ancestors and family members. Because it reinforces the ethic of filial piety, Qing Ming is a major Chinese  festival.

清明节是一个纪念祖先的节日。主要的纪念仪式是扫墓,扫墓是慎终追远、郭亲睦邻及行孝的具体表现;基于上述意义,清明节因此成为华人的重要节日。

Literally meaning "clear" (Qing) and "bright" (Ming), this Chinese festival falls in early spring, on the 106th day after the winter solstice. It is a "spring" festival, and it is an occasion for the whole family to leave the home and to sweep the graves of their forebears. Chinese being practical people this sweeping of the graves is given an extended period, that is, 10 days before and after Qing Ming day. Among some dialect groups a whole month is allocated.

清明节是在仲春和暮春之交,也就是冬至后的106天。扫墓活动通常是在清明节的前十天或后十天。有些地域的人士的扫墓活动长达一个月。

Qing Ming is popularly associated with Jie Zi Zhui, who lived in Shanxi province in 600 B.C. Legend has it that Jie saved his starving lord's life by serving a piece of his own leg. When the lord succeeded in becoming the ruler of a small principality, he invited his faithful follower to join him. However, Jie declined his invitation, preferring to lead a hermit's life with his mother in the mountains.

谈到清明节,有点历史知识的人,都会联想到历史人物介子椎。据历史记载,在两千多年以前的春秋时代,晋国公子重耳逃亡在外,生活艰苦,跟随他的介子椎不惜从自己的腿上割下一块肉让他充饥。后来,重耳回到晋国,作了国君(即晋文公,春秋五霸之一),大事封赏所有跟随他流亡在外的随从,惟独介子椎拒绝接受封赏,他带了母亲隐居绵山。

Believing that he could force Jie out by burning the mountain, the lord ordered his men to set the forest on fire. To his consternation, Jie chose to remain where he was and was burnt to death. To commemorate Jie, the lord ordered all fires in every home to be put out on the anniversary of Jie's death. Thus began the "cold food feast", a day when no food could be cooked since no fire could be lit.

晋文公无计可施,只好放火烧山,他想,介子椎孝顺母亲,一定会带着老母出来。谁知这场大火却把介子椎母子烧死了。为了纪念介子椎,晋文公下令每年的这一天,禁止生火,家家户户只能吃生冷的食物,这就是寒食节的来源。

The "cold food" festival occurs on the eve of Qing Ming and is often considered as part of the Qing Ming festival. As time passes, the Qing Ming festival replaced the "cold food" festival. Whatever practice is observed,the basic observation of Qing Ming is to remember one's elders by making a special effort to visit their graves, ashes or ancestral tablets. To make the visit even more meaningful, some time should be spent to remind the younger members of the family of the lives and contributions of their ancestors, and the story of Jie Zi Zhui who choose death over capitulation.

寒食节是在清明节的前一天,古人常把寒食节的活动延续到清明,久而久之,清明取代了寒食节。拜介子椎的习俗也变成了清明扫墓的习俗了。无论以何种形式纪念,为了使纪念祖先的仪式更有意义,我们应该让年轻一代的家庭成员了解先人过去的奋斗历史,当然,还要学习介子椎宁死不屈的气节。




如何向外国朋友介绍清明节



The Qingming (Pure Brightness) Festival is one of the 24 seasonaldivision points in China, falling on April 4-6 each year. After thefestival, the temperature will rise up and rainfall increases. Itis the high time for spring plowing and sowing. But the QingmingFestival is not only a seasonal point to guide farm work, it ismore a festival of commemoration。

The Qingming Festival sees a combination of sadness andhappiness。

This is the most important day of sacrifice. Both the Han and minorityethnic groups at this time offer sacrifices to their ancestors andsweep the tombs of the diseased. Also, they will not cook on thisday and only cold food is served。

The Hanshi (Cold Food) Festival was usually one day before the QingmingFestival. As our ancestors often extended the day to the Qingming,they were later combined。

Oneach Qingming Festival, all cemeteries are crowded with people whocame to sweep tombs and offer sacrifices. Traffic on the way to thecemeteries becomes extremely jammed. The customs have been greatlysimplified today. After slightly sweeping the tombs, people offerfood, flowers and favorites of the dead, then burn incense andpaper money and bow before the memorial tablet。

Incontrast to the sadness of the tomb sweepers, people also enjoyhope of Spring on this day. The Qingming Festival is a time whenthe sun shines brightly, the trees and grass become green andnature is again lively. Since ancient times, people have followedthe custom of Spring outings. At this time tourists areeverywhere。

Peoplelove to fly kites during the Qingming Festival. Kite flying isactually not limited to the Qingming Festival. Its uniqueness liesin that people fly kites not during the day, but also at night. Astring of little lanterns tied onto the kite or the thread looklike shining stars, and therefore, are called "god'slanterns."

TheQingming Festival is also a time to plant trees, for the survivalrate of saplings is high and trees grow fast later. In the past,the Qingming Festival was called "Arbor Day". But since 1979,"Arbor Day" was settled as March 12 according to the Gregoriancalendar。








热心的小编把翻译放在最下面,实在看不懂的语句可以看下中文意思,不过呢为了能不断提高自己的英语阅读能力,还是要自己先看几遍原文再来看中文翻译吧。


清明是我国的二十四节气之一。由于二十四节气比较客观地反映了一年四季气温、降雨、物候等方面的变化,所以古代劳动人民用它安排农事活动。但是,清明作为节日,与纯粹的节气又有所不同。节气是我国物候变化、时令顺序的标志,而节日则包含着一定的风俗活动和某种纪念意义。因此,这个节日中既有祭扫新坟生别死离的悲酸泪,又有踏青游玩的欢笑声,是一个富有特色的节日。

清明节是我国传统节日,也是最重要的祭祀节日,是祭祖和扫墓的日子。扫墓俗称上坟,祭祀死者的一种活动。汉族和一些少数民族大多都是在清明节扫墓。由于清明与寒食的日子接近,而寒食是民间禁火扫墓的日子,渐渐的,寒食与清明就合二为一了,而寒食既成为清明的别称,也变成为清明时节的一个习俗,清明之日不动烟火,只吃凉的食品。

按照旧的习俗,扫墓时,人们要携带酒食果品、纸钱等物品到墓地,将食物供祭在亲人墓前,再将纸钱焚化,为坟墓培上新土,折几枝嫩绿的新枝插在坟上,然后叩头行礼祭拜,最后吃掉酒食回家。58en.com

与清明节扫墓的悲哀相反,人们在这个春光明媚的日子里,也一样是可以享受生活的。

放风筝也是清明时节人们所喜爱的活动。每逢清明时节,人们不仅白天放,夜间也放。夜里在风筝下或风稳拉线上挂上一串串彩色的小灯笼,象闪烁的明星,被称为“神灯”。

清明前后,春阳照临,春阳照临,春雨飞洒,种植树苗成活率高,成长快。因此,自古以来,我国就有清明植树的习惯。有人还把清明节叫作“植树节”。植树风俗一直流传至今。1979年,人大常委会规定,每年三月十二日为我国植树节。这对动员全国各族人民积极开展绿化祖国活动,有着十分重要的意义。



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