福布斯公布2016年美国最佳大学排名

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  2016年7月5日,福布斯公布了2016年美国最佳大学排名。此次榜单引来不少哗然,哈佛位列第四,但事实上去年的福布斯榜单中哈佛仅位于第六,去年的榜首Pomona College下跌到了第七。斯坦福大学从去年的第三升至第一,而威廉姆斯学院则维持住了第二的地位,紧随其后的去年排在第四的普林斯顿大学

  福布斯将研究型大学和文理学院放在一起进行排名。前50的院校中,包含26个综合性大学和24个文理学院;前10的院校中,包含6个综合性大学和4个文理学院。而前50中,公立学校仅占9席。而且西岸大学慢慢超越东北部大学、文理学院竞争力加强。

  福布斯排名将视角聚焦在了投资回报率 Return of Investment 上,“值不值”的问题。主要根据以下因素,对全美660所大学进行排名

  学生满意度:25%

  毕业生成就(收入、影响力等方面):32.5%

  学生债务:25%毕业率:7.5%

  学术成就比重:10%

  我们看到毕业生成就占了很大的比重。根据福布斯官方消息,本次排名主要呈现了三个趋势:

  1.The emerging clout-flip from the Northeast Establishment to new guard West Coast schools;

  西海岸学校崛起。众所周知美国东北部是教育重地,一些老牌名校比如哈佛耶鲁普林斯顿等都坐落于此。

  但随着西海岸硅谷的崛起,西岸的学校排名迅速崛起。当年前加州州长、铁路大亨利兰·斯坦福和他的妻子在拜访了各大学校长、听取了他们的建议后,决定捐款建一所大学、一座博物馆。经过6年的建设,1891年斯坦福大学正式开学,第一年共有555名学生以及15名教职员。经过一百多年的岁月流淌,斯坦福大学早已成为首屈一指的名校,被称为“西岸的哈佛大学”,并在硅谷创立和繁荣至今起着举足轻重的作用。

  2.The contest between small student-centric liberal arts colleges and juggernaut STEM-oriented research universities;

  小型文理学院和以STEM教育为导向的综合大学之间的竞争激烈。今年前10的院校中,包含6个综合性大学和4个文理学院。

  对于我们中国人来说,大都只知道综合性大学和理工学院(institute),这些与中国的大学相似,通常是大型的,拥有几万学生。大学里除了有本科的院系之外,也设有各个研究院和商学院等职业性学院。该类大学是以培养研究人才为目的的高等教育机构,设有硕士、博士课程等研究生类课程。

  文理学院Liberal Arts College是相对于具体的职业教育而言的,其目标不在于教会学生某些具体的谋生的技能,而是从多方面对学生进行教育,使其成为一个高素质,有教养的文化人。文理学院往往代表着经典、小规模、高质量的本科教育。许多文理学院的学术声誉往往不亚于哈佛耶鲁等名校,因而成为很多美国贵族教育子女的首选。例如,我们耳熟能详的宋氏三姐妹、美国前国务卿奥尔布赖特、美国华人劳工部长赵晓岚、美国前总统肯尼迪的夫人杰奎琳都毕业于美国的文理学院。

  根据美国新闻周刊的统计,美国的著名文理学院,例如Williams College,Wellesley College的毕业生就读研究生的比例在美国甚至高于哈佛耶鲁这样的名校。

  3.The disproportionately high number of old, private schools as the best return on investment.

  老牌私立学校有着较高的投资回报率(94%以上),排名前25的学校,有11所投资回报率为98%,MIT和芝加哥大学的投资回报率高达99%。


排名学校名所在州学费学生总数
#1Stanford UniversityCalifornia$64,47716,963
#2Williams CollegeMassachusetts$66,2402,126
#3Princeton UniversityNew Jersey$61,1608,088
#4Harvard UniversityMassachusetts$64,40028,791
#5Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyMassachusetts$63,25011,319
#6Yale UniversityConnecticut$66,44512,336
#7Pomona CollegeCalifornia$64,8701,650
#8Brown UniversityRhode Island$65,3809,181
#9Wesleyan UniversityConnecticut$65,4433,224
#10Swarthmore CollegePennsylvania$64,3631,542
#11University of PennsylvaniaPennsylvania$66,80024,806
#12Amherst CollegeMassachusetts$66,5721,792
#13University of Notre DameIndiana$64,77512,179
#14United States Military AcademyNew York$04,414
#15Northwestern UniversityIllinois$68,06021,554
#16Columbia UniversityNew York$69,08427,589
#17Dartmouth CollegeNew Hampshire$67,0446,298
#18Tufts UniversityMassachusetts$65,90010,907
#19Bowdoin CollegeMaine$63,4401,805
#20University of ChicagoIllinois$70,10015,097
#21Georgetown UniversityDistrict of Columbia$66,97117,858
#22Boston CollegeMassachusetts$65,62014,317
#23Haverford CollegePennsylvania$66,6481,194
#24United States Naval AcademyMaryland$04,511
#25Davidson CollegeNorth Carolina$62,8941,770
#26Duke UniversityNorth Carolina$66,73915,856
#27Carleton CollegeMinnesota$64,4202,057
#28Washington and Lee UniversityVirginia$61,2352,264
#29Cornell UniversityNew York$65,49421,679
#30Rice UniversityTexas$58,2536,621
#31Claremont McKenna CollegeCalifornia$66,3251,324
#32Wellesley CollegeMassachusetts$63,3902,323
#33Vassar CollegeNew York$65,4802,421
#34Middlebury CollegeVermont$63,4562,533
#35United States Air Force AcademyColorado$03,952
#36University of VirginiaVirginia$58,74523,732
#37Barnard CollegeNew York$65,2612,573
#38College of William & MaryVirginia$55,3308,437
#39California Institute of TechnologyCalifornia$63,4712,209
#40University of California, BerkeleyCalifornia$59,96337,565
#41Colby CollegeMaine$63,3301,847
#42Colgate UniversityNew York$64,8002,888
#43Oberlin CollegeOhio$66,8702,978
#44University of MichiganMichigan$57,43243,625
#45Vanderbilt UniversityTennessee$63,53212,686
#46University of California, Los AngelesCalifornia$58,09941,845
#47University of North Carolina, Chapel HillNorth Carolina$49,43129,135
#48Kenyon CollegeOhio$64,3601,662
#49Bucknell UniversityPennsylvania$65,2683,624
#50Hamilton CollegeNew York$63,8701,904
#51College of the Holy CrossMassachusetts$61,5242,787
#52Bates CollegeMaine$64,5901,773
#53Whitman CollegeWashington$59,9021,498
#54Smith CollegeMassachusetts$64,4862,989
#55Lafayette CollegePennsylvania$63,6802,503
#56Franklin and Marshall CollegePennsylvania$65,6402,209
#57Colorado CollegeColorado$63,6002,067
#58University of RochesterNew York$65,26411,060
#59Harvey Mudd CollegeCalifornia$69,355804
#60Washington University in St. LouisMissouri$67,75114,348
#61Wake Forest UniversityNorth Carolina$64,4787,788
#62Villanova UniversityPennsylvania$62,77310,735
#63Carnegie Mellon UniversityPennsylvania$65,89512,587
#64Reed CollegeOregon$64,4801,394
#65University of Southern CaliforniaCalifornia$67,21242,453
#66Johns Hopkins UniversityMaryland$65,49621,372
#67Emory UniversityGeorgia$63,05814,769
#68Macalester CollegeMinnesota$61,8532,073
#69University of Wisconsin, MadisonWisconsin$43,92342,598
#70Bryn Mawr CollegePennsylvania$63,9901,709
#71Union College (NY)New York$64,2452,242
#72University of Illinois, Urbana-ChampaignIllinois$44,92445,140
#73Grinnell CollegeIowa$61,4981,734
#74Brandeis UniversityMassachusetts$65,9545,945
#75University of WashingtonWashington$49,33844,784
#76Lehigh UniversityPennsylvania$60,5757,119
#77New York UniversityNew York$68,40049,274
#78University of FloridaFlorida$42,93949,459
#79Boston UniversityMassachusetts$65,90632,112
#80Dickinson CollegePennsylvania$64,5412,364
#81Connecticut CollegeConnecticut$64,9651,900
#82University of MarylandMaryland$46,28537,610
#83Scripps CollegeCalifornia$66,060988
#84Trinity College (CT)Connecticut$66,4202,408
#85Skidmore CollegeNew York$64,8502,646
#86Brigham Young UniversityUtah$17,71830,484
#87Wheaton College (IL)Illinois$45,2602,914
#88Santa Clara UniversityCalifornia$63,6669,015
#89Georgia Institute of TechnologyGeorgia$45,97223,109
#90Kalamazoo CollegeMichigan$54,7661,461
#91DePauw UniversityIndiana$58,4782,215
#92Cooper UnionNew York$62,710966
#93University of Texas, AustinTexas$51,19251,313
#94Sewanee—University of the SouthTennessee$51,9501,714
#95University of GeorgiaGeorgia$43,34435,197
#96Trinity University (TX)Texas$52,6182,432
#97Rhodes CollegeTennessee$57,7142,054
#98Denison UniversityOhio$60,7102,278
#99Occidental CollegeCalifornia$67,0462,040
#100Centre CollegeKentucky$51,0301,387
#101University of RichmondVirginia$61,3704,182
#102Mount Holyoke CollegeMassachusetts$58,6462,255
#103George Washington UniversityDistrict of Columbia$65,26025,613
#104Babson CollegeMassachusetts$64,6123,049
#105Saint Olaf CollegeMinnesota$54,6303,034
#106Wofford CollegeSouth Carolina$53,5391,658
#107Furman UniversitySouth Carolina$60,7142,973
#108Rhode Island School of DesignRhode Island$64,6402,449
#109Case Western Reserve UniversityOhio$61,51010,771
#110Sarah Lawrence CollegeNew York$66,6421,761
#111Providence CollegeRhode Island$60,4004,533
#112University of Miami (FL)Florida$62,32916,674
#113United States Coast Guard AcademyConnecticut$2,393896
#114University of California, Santa BarbaraCalifornia$59,91123,051
#115Indiana University, BloomingtonIndiana$47,89246,416
#116Southern Methodist UniversityTexas$67,16511,272
#117University of California, San DiegoCalifornia$56,17430,709
#118Virginia TechVirginia$41,49931,224
#119University of Minnesota, Twin CitiesMinnesota$34,72451,147
#120University of Colorado, BoulderColorado$54,42732,432
#121Gettysburg CollegePennsylvania$62,3702,447
#122Bard CollegeNew York$66,7242,469
#123Pitzer CollegeCalifornia$65,8801,076
#124American UniversityDistrict of Columbia$60,58613,061
#125University of California, DavisCalifornia$59,08534,508
#126Hobart and William Smith CollegesNew York$64,9032,425
#127Purdue UniversityIndiana$41,83439,752
#128Muhlenberg CollegePennsylvania$59,7252,440
#129Tulane UniversityLouisiana$65,08212,603
#130Pepperdine UniversityCalifornia$66,1527,417
#131Saint John's University (MN)Minnesota$52,2301,895
#132Earlham CollegeIndiana$56,5101,076
#133College of WoosterOhio$57,5002,049
#134Lawrence UniversityWisconsin$55,2751,511
#135Rensselaer Polytechnic InstituteNew York$66,1726,835
#136Drake UniversityIowa$48,0925,062
#137University of DelawareDelaware$45,55022,680
#138University of VermontVermont$53,39212,856
#139University of DenverColorado$60,20611,809
#140Colorado School of MinesColorado$49,2015,962
#141Rutgers UniversityNew Jersey$45,78848,378
#142Texas A&M UniversityTexas$43,36461,642
#143Bennington CollegeVermont$66,120755
#144Syracuse UniversityNew York$61,24221,492
#145Fordham UniversityNew York$67,45715,231
#146Beloit CollegeWisconsin$55,2401,303
#147University of ConnecticutConnecticut$50,84426,541
#148Willamette UniversityOregon$58,9972,780
#149Michigan State UniversityMichigan$48,84850,081
#150Loyola Marymount UniversityCalifornia$60,6489,515
#151Hampshire CollegeMassachusetts$63,6981,376
#152Wabash CollegeIndiana$51,840926
#153Saint Lawrence UniversityNew York$63,8002,419
#154College of the AtlanticMaine$53,196386
#155Hope CollegeMichigan$42,5203,455
#156Lewis & Clark CollegeOregon$59,4243,504
#157Marquette UniversityWisconsin$51,72611,745
#158Westmont CollegeCalifornia$57,4001,300
#159University of UtahUtah$39,60231,515
#160Ohio State UniversityOhio$42,90758,322
#161Hendrix CollegeArkansas$56,2141,358
#162University of California, IrvineCalifornia$56,81030,051
#163Virginia Military InstituteVirginia$51,3661,700
#164Pennsylvania State UniversityPennsylvania$48,90047,040
#165Fairfield UniversityConnecticut$61,2755,123
#166Worcester Polytechnic InstituteMassachusetts$61,2006,381
#167California Polytechnic State University, San Luis ObispoCalifornia$36,57420,186
#168Clemson UniversitySouth Carolina$46,73821,857
#169Saint John's College, AnnapolisMaryland$62,097472
#170Elon UniversityNorth Carolina$46,6706,483
#171Louisiana State UniversityLouisiana$42,91331,044
#172Juniata CollegePennsylvania$53,5901,632
#173Gustavus Adolphus CollegeMinnesota$52,8302,457
#174James Madison UniversityVirginia$39,74620,855
#175Ursinus CollegePennsylvania$62,9221,681
#176SUNY, Binghamton (Binghamton University)New York$37,37116,695
#177Florida State UniversityFlorida$37,23741,226
#178Bentley UniversityMassachusetts$61,0055,565
#179College of New JerseyNew Jersey$43,7517,409
#180Miami University (OH)Ohio$46,11318,620
#181Gonzaga UniversityWashington$53,2477,352
#182University of PortlandOregon$57,0404,143
#183Rose-Hulman Institute of TechnologyIndiana$60,8012,388
#184University of IowaIowa$40,79629,970
#185Baylor UniversityTexas$56,79616,263
#186Emerson CollegeMassachusetts$59,8074,545
#187Calvin CollegeMichigan$44,0503,993
#188Clark UniversityMassachusetts$51,8903,423
#189North Carolina State UniversityNorth Carolina$38,74933,989
#190Hillsdale CollegeMichigan$37,5521,526
#191Knox CollegeIllinois$52,7591,399
#192University of Puget SoundWashington$59,7562,826
#193Loyola University MarylandMaryland$61,5505,967
#194University of RedlandsCalifornia$63,0035,333
#195Yeshiva UniversityNew York$57,3556,348
#196Auburn UniversityAlabama$47,41025,912
#197Samford UniversityAlabama$43,6664,933
#198Saint Michael's CollegeVermont$53,9052,618
#199University of OklahomaOklahoma$38,54627,261
#200University of California, Santa CruzCalifornia$59,47217,866
#201University of New HampshireNew Hampshire$44,79815,117
#202University of South CarolinaSouth Carolina$45,38732,971
#203University of DaytonOhio$53,53011,343
#204University of PittsburghPennsylvania$42,46228,617
#205University of Massachusetts, AmherstMassachusetts$44,40728,635
#206Saint Mary's College of MarylandMaryland$43,5501,721
#207New College of FloridaFlorida$43,346834
#208College of the OzarksMissouri$28,4761,433
#209University of TulsaOklahoma$55,8754,682
#210Texas Christian UniversityTexas$58,27010,033
#211University of San DiegoCalifornia$61,5698,349
#212Stonehill CollegeMassachusetts$55,6702,284
#213College of IdahoIdaho$38,6001,144
#214Creighton UniversityNebraska$50,7168,236
#215Northeastern UniversityMassachusetts$62,80019,798
#216University of MissouriMissouri$39,84035,425
#217Saint Anselm CollegeNew Hampshire$53,7381,968
#218Saint Louis UniversityMissouri$55,53617,052
#219University of OregonOregon$46,90424,096
#220University of ArizonaArizona$46,97042,236
#221Saint Mary's College (IN)Indiana$51,1201,519
#222Hampden-Sydney CollegeVirginia$57,7901,105
#223Saint Joseph's University (PA)Pennsylvania$59,1388,974
#224Clarkson UniversityNew York$62,3323,873
#225Luther CollegeIowa$51,1652,385
#226Butler UniversityIndiana$52,6154,848
#227United States Merchant Marine AcademyNew York$8,475961
#228The City College of New YorkNew York$35,22415,579
#229University of Saint Thomas (MN)Minnesota$51,28510,140
#230Transylvania UniversityKentucky$47,0301,014
#231University of San FranciscoCalifornia$61,68410,689
#232Saint Mary's College of CaliforniaCalifornia$61,2274,112
#233Manhattan CollegeNew York$56,2103,970
#234Illinois Wesleyan UniversityIllinois$54,6861,893
#235The Catholic University of AmericaDistrict of Columbia$58,3946,699
#236SUNY, GeneseoNew York$33,4435,658
#237George Mason UniversityVirginia$47,78433,729
#238University of Nebraska, LincolnNebraska$37,54425,006
#239Ithaca CollegeNew York$58,7986,587
#240Wheaton College (MA)Massachusetts$61,8651,587
#241University of WyomingWyoming$29,90912,820
#242San Diego State UniversityCalifornia$38,61133,483
#243University of ScrantonPennsylvania$58,1305,589
#244Truman State UniversityMissouri$26,9606,248
#245University at Buffalo (SUNY)New York$40,79829,995
#246Wittenberg UniversityOhio$50,7181,964
#247Hanover CollegeIndiana$47,6661,145
#248Stevens Institute of TechnologyNew Jersey$62,9406,125
#249Linfield CollegeOregon$52,8141,683
#250Grove City CollegePennsylvania$26,8062,509
#251Thomas Aquinas CollegeCalifornia$35,724378
#252University of AlabamaAlabama$44,20236,047
#253University of KansasKansas$39,95127,180
#254Whitworth UniversityWashington$52,4682,654
#255SUNY, Stony Brook (Stony Brook University)New York$38,73524,607
#256College of Saint BenedictMinnesota$53,4752,020
#257Iowa State UniversityIowa$32,39034,435
#258CUNY, Baruch CollegeNew York$36,81918,090
#259Bradley UniversityIllinois$44,6205,300
#260Valparaiso UniversityIndiana$49,5004,507
#261Seattle UniversityWashington$56,4817,273
#262Albion CollegeMichigan$52,0851,268
#263Southwestern UniversityTexas$50,8401,538
#264Illinois Institute of TechnologyIllinois$60,4247,898
#265Rollins CollegeFlorida$64,8043,207
#266University of Tennessee, KnoxvilleTennessee$48,04630,386
#267Presbyterian CollegeSouth Carolina$49,5801,460
#268University of ArkansasArkansas$36,81026,237
#269University of California, RiversideCalifornia$58,19321,498
#270Taylor UniversityIndiana$41,9672,146
#271The CitadelSouth Carolina$47,4463,592
#272Cornell College (IA)Iowa$52,1531,086
#273New SchoolNew York$66,32610,477
#274Drew UniversityNew Jersey$62,7062,113
#275University of Mary WashingtonVirginia$40,1564,535
#276University of DallasTexas$51,7002,548
#277CUNY, Queens CollegeNew York$34,02419,310
#278Arizona State UniversityArizona$41,00450,320
#279Loyola University ChicagoIllinois$56,53615,902
#280DePaul UniversityIllinois$52,40223,799
#281Austin CollegeTexas$50,6471,301
#282Washington & Jefferson CollegePennsylvania$56,3321,362
#283John Carroll UniversityOhio$52,1003,688
#284Bryant UniversityRhode Island$57,0613,462
#285Allegheny CollegePennsylvania$56,7102,023
#286Goucher CollegeMaryland$56,9222,120
#287Agnes Scott CollegeGeorgia$50,386873
#288CUNY, Brooklyn CollegeNew York$34,84717,390
#289Saint John's College, Santa FeNew Mexico$62,184397
#290Spelman CollegeGeorgia$45,0512,135
#291CUNY, Hunter CollegeNew York$28,55623,112
#292Nebraska Wesleyan UniversityNebraska$42,6402,083
#293Washington CollegeMaryland$58,2121,485
#294Duquesne UniversityPennsylvania$48,7969,648
#295Seattle Pacific UniversityWashington$51,5524,217
#296Siena CollegeNew York$50,4813,179
#297Colorado State UniversityColorado$40,56131,354
#298Simmons CollegeMassachusetts$55,2504,802
#299Seton Hall UniversityNew Jersey$53,2949,627
#300Pacific Lutheran UniversityWashington$51,8383,242

 




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