如果希拉里当总统,你会学什么专业?

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收藏文章 赞一个 已赞 2016-07-19 美国留学申请




  这几日,希拉里承诺STEM专业研究生毕业将自动获绿的消息在广大美国留学生圈里炸开了锅,各种解读各种分析,真是越刷越燃,那么到底这事靠不靠谱呢?希拉里阿姨的承诺到底能不能兑现呢?相信大家也看明白了,希拉里当选+新的移民法案获得通过是必要前提。


  今天我们不讨论这个还不确定的问题,我们讨论一下STEM的问题。

  什么是STEM?

  STEM由科学(Science)、技术(Technology)、工程(Engineer)和数学(Mathematics)首字母组成,是美国鼓励学生主修科学、技术、工程及数学的一项计划。在美国国土安全局网站上可以查到一个长长的属于STEM计划的专业列表,比如化工、计算机科学、物理、数学、生物科学和航空航天等理工科。

  STEM有什么好处?

  对于国际学生来说,毕业之后想找工作就要申请OPT(Optional Practical Training),有了OPT才可以在美国合法实习、工作,但是OPT都是有一定时间限制的。标准的OPT只有一年时间,也就是说如果毕业生一年之内无法拿到H1B工作签证,就必须离开美国了。但是STEM专业的毕业生可以申请额外17个月的OPT延期(据传说新政策将延期增加至了24个月),也就是说他们将拥有总共29个月的OPT时间用来找工作并申请H1B工作签证。因此,选择STEM项目,对于国际学生在美国找工作来说是莫大的优势!

  商科属于STEM专业吗?

  传统商科如金融(金融工程除外)、会计等显然不是STEM专业,但是,近年来随着大数据的兴起,数据分析项目如雨后春笋一般在美国商学院兴起。由于这些项目与数学、统计及信息科学有大量的交叉,因此十分具备成为STEM专业的资质。另有一些学校商学院的信息系统管理(Information Management)项目也纷纷增加了数据分析的方向。但是,目前来看,拥有STEM标签的商学院数据分析项目仍然是少数。

  今年三月份,美国国土安全部发布了有关于“STEM专业OPT延期的最终政策”的文件。这份文件已于3月11日,在联邦公报网站上公示,于2016年5月10日正式生效!而最值得关注的,则是STEM专业OPT延期将从原来的17个月调整为24个月!加上原来12月的OPT时间,STEM专业的学生OPT最终总共时间加起来将为36个月!

  下面是美国官方认定的422个STEM专业,请大家按字母排列进行查询,一些新被认定的项目可能未被列入表中请谅解。

  以下是全部422个STEM专业列表(按字母谁序排列)


  Acoustics
Actuarial Science
  Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Aeronautics/Aviation/Aerospace Science and Technology, General
  Aerospace Ground Equipment Technology
  Aerospace Physiology and Medicine
  Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering
  Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Breeding
  Agricultural Animal Breeding
  Agricultural Engineering
  AgroEcology and Sustainable Agriculture
  Agronomy and Crop Science
  Air and Space Operational Art and Science
  Air and Space Operations Technology
  Air Science/Airpower Studies
  Aircraft Armament Systems Technology
  Algebra and Number Theory
  Analysis and Functional Analysis
  Analytical Chemistry
  Anatomy
  Animal Behavior and Ethology
  Animal Genetics
  Animal Health
  Animal Nutrition
  Animal Physiology
  Animal Sciences, General
  Animal Sciences, Other
  AniMATion, InterACTive Technology, Video GrAPhics and SpeCIAl Effects
  Applied Mathematics, General
  Applied Mathematics, Other
  Aquatic Biology/Limnology
  Archeology
  Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology
  Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD
  Architectural Engineering
  Architectural Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  ArtifiCIAl Intelligence
  Astronomy
  Astronomy and Astrophysics, Other
  Astrophysics
  Atmospheric Chemistry and Climatology
  Atmospheric Physics and Dynamics
  Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, General
  Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Other
  Atomic/Molecular Physics
  AutoMATion Engineer Technology/TechniCIAn
Automotive Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn[SITESERVER_PAGE]
  Behavioral Sciences
  BioChemical Engineering
  Biochemistry
  Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Other
  Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering
  BioinforMATics
  Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Other
  Biological and Physical Sciences
  BioLogical/BioSystems Engineering
  Biology TechniCIAn/Biotechnology Laboratory TechniCIAn
  Biology/Biological Sciences, General
  BioMathematics, BioinforMATics, and Computational Biology, Other
  Biomedical Sciences, General
  Biomedical Technology/TechniCIAn
  Biometry/Biometrics
  Biophysics
  BioPsychology
  BioStatistics
  Biotechnology
  Botany/Plant Biology
  Botany/Plant Biology, Other
  Business Statistics
  CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/TechniCIAn
  Cardiovascular Science
  Cell Biology and Anatomy
  Cell Physiology
  Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology
  Cell/Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences, Other
  Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology
  Ceramic Sciences and Engineering
  Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  Chemical Engineering
  Chemical Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Chemical Engineering, Other
  Chemical Physics
  Chemical Process Technology
  Chemical Technology/TechniCIAn
  Chemistry, General
  Chemistry, Other
  Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD
  Civil Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Civil Engineering, General
  Civil Engineering, Other
  Clinical and Industrial Drug Development
  Clinical Laboratory Science/Medical Technology/Technologist
  Cognitive Psychology and Psycholinguistics
  Cognitive Science
  Combat Systems Engineering
  Command & Control (C, CI) Systems and Operations
  Comparative Psychology
  Computational and Applied Mathematics
  Computational Biology
  Computational Mathematics
  Computational Science
  Computer and Information Sciences, General
  Computer and Information Sciences, Other
  Computer and InforMATion Systems Security/InforMATion Assurance
  Computer Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Computer Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Computer Engineering, General
  Computer Engineering, Other
  Computer Graphics
  Computer Hardware Engineering
  Computer Hardware Technology/TechniCIAn
  Computer Programming, Other
  Computer Programming, Specific APplications
  Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification
  Computer Programming/Programmer, General
  Computer Science
  Computer Software and Media APplications, Other
  Computer Software Engineering
  Computer Software Technology/TechniCIAn
  Computer Support SpeCIAlist
  Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst
  Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications
  Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology
  Computer/Information Technology Services Administration and Management, Other
  Condensed Matter and MATerials Physics
  Conservation Biology
  Construction Engineering
  Construction Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Cyber/Computer Forensics and Counterterrorism
  Cyber/Electronic Operations and Warfare
  Cytotechnology/Cytotechnologist
  Dairy Science
  DATa Modeling/Warehousing and DATabase Administration
  DATa Processing and DATa Processing Technology/TechniCIAn
  Developmental and Child Psychology
  Developmental Biology and Embryology  
  Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia
  Directed Energy Systems
  Drafting and Design Technology/TechniCIAn, General
  Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Ecology
  Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
  Ecology, Evolution, SysteMATics and Population Biology, Other
  Econometrics and Quantitative Economics
  Educational Evaluation and Research
  Educational Statistics and Research Methods
  Educational/Instructional Technology
  Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Other
  Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD
  Electromechanical and Instrumentation and Maintenance Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Electromechanical Engineering
  Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology
  Elementary Particle Physics
  Endocrinology
  Energy Management and Systems Technology/TechniCIAn
  Engineering Acoustics
  Engineering Chemistry
  Engineering Design
  Engineering Mechanics
  Engineering Physics/Applied Physics
  Engineering Science
  Engineering Technologies and Engineering-Related Fields, Other
  Engineering Technology, General
  Engineering, General
  Engineering, Other
  Engineering/Industrial Management
  Engineering-Related Fields, Other
  Engineering-Related Technologies, Other
  Entomology
  Environmental Biology
  Environmental Chemistry
  Environmental Control Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology
  Environmental Health
  Environmental Science
  Environmental Studies
  Environmental Toxicology
  Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering
  Epidemiology
  Evolutionary Biology
  Exercise Physiology
  Experimental Psychology
  Explosive Ordinance/Bomb Disposal
  Financial Mathematics
  Food Science
  Food Science and Technology, Other
  Food Technology and Processing
  Forensic Chemistry
  Forensic Science and Technology
  Forest Engineering
  Forest Sciences and Biology
  Genetics, General
  Genetics, Other
  Genome Sciences/Genomics
  Geochemistry
  Geochemistry and Petrology
  GeogrAPhic InforMATion Science and Cartography
  GeoLogical and EArth Sciences/Geosciences, Other
  Geological/Geophysical Engineering
  Geology/Earth Science, General
  Geometry/Geometric Analysis
  GeoPhysics and Seismology
  Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
  Hazardous MATerials InforMATion Systems Technology/TechniCIAn
  Hazardous MATerials Management and Waste Technology/TechniCIAn
  Health/Medical Physics
  Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Horticultural Science
  Human Biology
  Human Computer InterACTion
  Human/Medical Genetics
  Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology/TechniCIAn
  Hydrology and Water Resources Science
  Immunology
  Industrial and Physical Pharmacy and Cosmetic Sciences
  Industrial Engineering
  Industrial Production Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Industrial Radiologic Technology/TechniCIAn
  Industrial Safety Technology/TechniCIAn
  Industrial Technology/TechniCIAn
  InforMATics
  InforMATion Operations/Joint InforMATion Operations
  Information Science/Studies
  Information Technology
  Information Technology Project Management
  InforMATion/PsychoLogical Warfare and Military Media Relations
  Inorganic Chemistry
  Instrumentation Technology/TechniCIAn
  Integrated Circuit Design
  Intelligence, Command Control and InforMATion Operations, Other
  Intelligence, General
  Joint Command/Task Force (C, CI) Systems
  Laser and Optical Engineering
  Laser and Optical Technology/TechniCIAn
  Livestock Management
  Low-Observables and Stealth Technology
  Management Science
  Management Science and Quantitative Methods, Other
  Manufacturing Engineering
  Manufacturing Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Marine Biology and BioLogical OceanogrAPhy
  Marine Sciences
  MATerials Chemistry
  Materials Engineering
  Materials Science
  Materials Sciences, Other
  MATheMATical Biology
  Mathematical Statistics and Probability
  Mathematics and Computer Science
  Mathematics and Statistics
  Mathematics and Statistics, Other
  Mathematics, General
  Mathematics, Other
  Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD
  Mechanical Engineering
  Mechanical Engineering Related Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/TechniCIAn
  Mechatronics, Robotics, and AutoMATion Engineering
  Medical Informatics
  Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology
  Medical Scientist
  Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  Metallurgical Engineering
  Metallurgical Technology/TechniCIAn
  Meteorology
  Microbial and Eukaryotic Genetics
  MicrobioLogical Sciences and Immunology, Other
  Microbiology and Immunology
  Microbiology, General
  Military Applied Sciences, Other
  Military InforMATion Systems Technology
  Military Systems and Maintenance Technology, Other
  Military Technologies and Applied Sciences, Other
  Mining and Mineral Engineering
  Mining and Petroleum Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Mining Technology/TechniCIAn
  Missile and Space Systems Technology
  Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation
  Molecular Biochemistry
  Molecular Biology
  Molecular Biophysics
  Molecular Genetics
  Molecular Medicine
  Molecular Pharmacology
  Molecular Physiology
  Molecular Toxicology
  Munitions Systems/Ordinance Technology
  Mycology[SITESERVER_PAGE]
  Nanotechnology
  Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy
  Natural Resources Conservation and Research, Other
  Natural Resources/Conservation, General
  Natural Sciences
  Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering
  Naval Science and Operational Studies
  Network and System Administration/Administrator
  Neuroanatomy
  Neurobiology and Anatomy
  Neurobiology and Behavior
  Neurobiology and Neurosciences, Other
  NeuroPharmacology
  Neuroscience
  Nuclear and Industrial RadioLogic Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Nuclear Engineering
  Nuclear Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Nuclear Physics
  Nuclear/Nuclear Power Technology/TechniCIAn
  Nutrition Sciences
  Occupational Safety and Health Technology/TechniCIAn
  Ocean Engineering
  OceanogrAPhy, Chemical and Physical
  Oncology and Cancer Biology
  Operational OceanogrAPhy
  Operations Research
  Optics/Optical Sciences
  Organic Chemistry
  PackAging Science
  Paleontology
  PAPer Science and Engineering
  Parasitology
  Pathology/Experimental Pathology
  Personality Psychology
  Petroleum Engineering
  Petroleum Technology/TechniCIAn
  Pharmaceutical Sciences
  Pharmaceutics and Drug Design
  PharmacoEconomics/Pharmaceutical Economics
  Pharmacology
  Pharmacology and Toxicology
  Pharmacology and Toxicology, Other
  Photobiology
  Physical Chemistry
  Physical Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Physical Sciences
  Physical Sciences, Other
  Physics, General
  Physics, Other
  Physiological Psychology/Psychobiology
  Physiology, General
  Physiology, Pathology, and Related Sciences, Other
  Planetary Astronomy and Science
  Plant Genetics
  Plant Molecular Biology
  Plant Pathology/Phytopathology
  Plant Physiology
  Plant Protection and Integrated Pest Management
  Plant Sciences, General
  Plant Sciences, Other
  Plasma and High-Temperature Physics
  Plastics and Polymer Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Polymer Chemistry
  Polymer/Plastics Engineering
  Population Biology
  Poultry Science
  Pre-Engineering
  Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology
  PsychoPharmacology
  Quality Control and Safety Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Quality Control Technology/TechniCIAn
  Radar Communications and Systems Technology
  Radiation Biology/Radiobiology
  Range Science and Management
  Reproductive Biology
  Research and Experimental Psychology, Other
  Robotics Technology/TechniCIAn
  Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, General
  Science Technologies/TechniCIAns, Other
  Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology
  Signal/Geospatial Intelligence
  Social Psychology
  Soil Chemistry and Physics
  Soil Microbiology
  Soil Science and Agronomy, General
  Soil Sciences, Other
  Solar Energy Technology/TechniCIAn
  Space Systems Operations
  Statistics, General
  Statistics, Other
  Strategic Intelligence
  Structural Biology
  Structural Engineering
  Surveying Engineering
  Surveying Technology/Surveying
  Sustainability Studies
  System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager
  SysteMATic Biology/BioLogical SysteMATics
  Systems Engineering
  Systems Science and Theory
  TeleCommunications Engineering
  Telecommunications Technology/TechniCIAn
  Textile Sciences and Engineering
  Theoretical and Mathematical Physics
  Theoretical Chemistry
  Topology and FounDATions
  Toxicology
  Transportation and Highway Engineering
  Undersea Warfare
  Urban Forestry
  Veterinary Anatomy
  Veterinary Infectious Diseases
  Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology
  Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology
  Veterinary Physiology
  Veterinary Preventive medicine Epidemiology and Public Health
  Veterinary Toxicology and Pharmacology
  Virology
  Vision Science/PhysioLogical Optics
  Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling Technology/TechniCIAn
  Water Resources Engineering
  Water, Wetlands, and Marine Resources Management
  Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and InforMATion Resources Design
  Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster
  Welding Engineering Technology/TechniCIAn
  Wildlife Biology
  Wildlife, Fish and Wildlands Science and Management
  Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and PAPer Technology
  Zoology/Animal Biology

  Zoology/Animal Biology, Other


 




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