【美国医疗卫生】预防心血管疾病,对抗头号健康杀手

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心血管疾病(CVD)是全世界最危险的潜在杀手,但人们可以减少患心血管疾病的机会,避免遭到致命的威胁。

在全球范围内,心脏疾病以及相关的心血管疾病导致的死亡人数比任何其他一种疾病或威胁都多。这类疾病造成的死亡人数占全球死亡总人数的31%——目前每年达1,700多万人, 2030年将达到2,300万

但关键是:在日常生活中你所作出的选择会对你患心脏疾病的机率有重大的影响,这是9月29日 “世界心脏日”(World Heart Day) 传递的有益信息。

不要吸烟


许多国家要求烟草产品外包装必须有危害健康的警告标志,美国是其中之一。(© AP Images)


健康饮食


水果和蔬菜是很有益于心脏健康的饮食。(Aleksandar Mijatovic/Shutterstock)

定期运动

每周五天、每天三十分钟的运动能保持心血管健康。(© AP Images)


测量血压

通过定期测量血压,人们可以对自己的心脏疾病风险有清楚的认识。(© AP Images)


饮酒适量

过量饮酒会引发心血管疾病。(Alex Saberi/Shutterstock)


在人们采取措施降低心脏疾病风险的同时,专家们也正在努力更多地了解心血管疾病以及如何进行治疗。

其中一个这样的研究中心就是位于北京的 “乔治国际卫生研究所”(George Institute for International Health) 。在中国,每年心血管病导致的死亡人数多达260万。该研究机构与美国的医学合作伙伴一道,重点关注高血压及其引发心脏疾病的机理。乔治研究所正在研究如何建设当地社区的血压控制项目,并帮助这些社区长期保持公共卫生工作的进行。

乔治研究所也是遍布世界各地的11个 “卓越中心”(Centers of Excellence) 之一。“卓越中心”得到美国国家心肺血液研究所(National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute)和美国医疗保健公司联合健康集团(UnitedHealth Group)的支持。

美国心脏协会(American Heart Association) 还与中华医学会心血管病学会(Chinese Society of Cardiology)建立了合作关系,努力确保200多家医院防治心脏病的质量。

美国心脏协会在100多个国家开展工作,聘用数千名指导人员提供关于急救和心肺复苏等挽救生命的教育项目。



You are a potential target for the world’s greatest killer. It may come at you anytime, but you can reduce your risk of a potentially fatal encounter.

Heart disease and related cardiovascular disorders (CVDs) kill more people worldwide than any other single ailment or threat. These ailments cause 31 percent of all global deaths — currently more than 17 million a year, and more than 23 million by 2030.

But here’s the key: The choices you make in daily life have a huge influence on your chance of getting heart disease, useful knowledge to share on World Heart Day September 29.

Don’t smoke

The United States is one of many countries requiring health warnings on tobacco-product packaging. (© AP Images)


Eat healthy foods

Fruits and vegetables are important to a heart-friendly diet. (Aleksandar Mijatovic/Shutterstock)


Exercise regularly

Thirty minutes of exercise, five days a week, can maintain cardiovascular health. (© AP Images)


Know your blood pressure

People can stay aware of their heart disease risk with regular blood-pressure checks. (© AP Images)


Drink in moderation

Excessive alcohol use contributes to cardiovascular disease. (Alex Saberi/Shutterstock)


Even as you take steps to lower your own risk of heart disease, experts are working to better understand CVDs and how to treat them.

One of these research centers is the George Institute for International Health in Beijing, capital of a country where 2.6 million lives are lost to CVDs each year. This research group, with medical science partners in the United States, is especially focused on high blood pressure and its contribution to heart disease. The George Institute is working on ways to develop blood-pressure control programs in local communities and empower those communities to sustain a public health effort over the long term.

The George Institute is also one of 11 Centers of Excellence located around the world that are backed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and UnitedHealth Group, a U.S.-based health-care company.

In a partnership with the Chinese Society of Cardiology, the American Heart Association is also working to ensure quality cardiac care at more than 200 hospitals.

The American Heart Association works in more than 100 countries, employing thousands of instructors to offer lifesaving education programs about first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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