新SAT文章整体阅读的重要性

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5月7日新SAT亚太首考,我们会发现,文章的整体性在阅读部分显现的很重要。

  

在阅读的考点中有一个analysis structure,这个点要求我们来分析文章结构,这个文章结构不仅仅是针对段落而言,同时也是针对整篇文章而言。又或者在考试中,我们会碰到问:某一段在文章中的作用是什么。

  

例如OG当中这样一道题目:

  

The main purpose of the first paragraph is to

  

这类的题目建议放在后面做,不要上来就做,因为题目问的是作者写这段的目的是什么。这道题问的是段落在文章中的作用,因此要在读完整篇文章之后再来做题。

  

其次,在新SAT的阅读中,文章主旨的题目几乎上每篇阅读都会考到,所占比例较大。这类题目一定是放在最后来完成,需要大家对文章的大致内容有一定的了解之后,才可以做题。

  

再者,在小说类的文章中,也需要大家来考虑文章的完整性。为什么?我们阅读的小说,有的是以对话来推动文章的发展的,如果只看某一句,很有可能不知道这篇文章到底是在说什么,或者不知道如何来回答作者的问题,因此我们需要看完整个段落,才能知道作者想要表达的意思。例如:

  

Which statement best characterizes the relationship between Mrs. Allen and Catherine?

  

A)Catherine is irritated by Mrs. Allen but defers to her in conversation

  

B)Catherine is amused by Mrs. Allen but is frustrated by her lack of social connections

  

C)Catherine is impressed by Mrs. Allen and is interested in her social contacts

  

D)Catherine is angered by Mrs. Allen and believes her social tactics are ineffective

  

这道题问的是:C和A之间的关系是什么?

  

如果单某一句话,我们是无法回答问题的,必须要看整段的内容。

  

“How uncomfortable it is,” whispered Catherine, “not to have a single acquaintance here!”

  

“Yes, my dear,” replied Mrs. Allen, with perfect serenity, “it is very uncomfortable indeed.”

  

“What shall we do? The gentlemen and ladies at this table look as if they wondered why we came here — we seem forcing ourselves into their party.”

  

“Aye, so we do. That is very disagreeable. I wish we had a large acquaintance here.”

  

“I wish we had any — it would be somebody to go to.”

  

“Very true, my dear; and if we knew anybody we would join them directly. The Skinners were here last year — I wish they were here now.”

  

“Had not we better go away as it is? Here are no tea-things for us, you see.”

  

“No more there are, indeed. How very provoking! But I think we had better sit still, for one gets so tumbled in such a crowd! How is my head, my dear? Somebody gave me a push that has hurt it, I am afraid.”

  

“No, indeed, it looks very nice. But, dear Mrs. Allen, are you sure there is nobody you know in all this multitude of people? I think you must know somebody.”

  

“I don’t, upon my word — I wish I did. I wish I had a large acquaintance here with all my heart, and then I should get you a partner. I should be so glad to have you dance. There goes a strange-looking woman! What an odd gown she has got on! How old-fashioned it is! Look at the back.”

  

读完所有的内容,我们才知道这里说的是C对A不满,觉得在舞会上没有认识的熟人,感到很不安,想要离开,但是A不想离开,因此C就留了下来,并没有离开。因此这道题我们很快可以选出来为第一个选项。

  

因此,在我们处理文章的时候,对于一些题目,把握文章的整体性是非常重要的。

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