【PTE老司机之路系列】阅读词汇老大难 之 词根

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收藏文章 赞一个 已赞 2016-09-23 悉尼文波PTE


上几篇文章里和同学们分享了常见的英语前缀prefix和后缀suffix,后缀决定词性,前缀和词根就往往决定了单词的意思!


同学们常常会忽视了词根root这一重要概念,今天带着大家了解一些常见的词根,相信会对大家的词汇量有不少的提升,甚至遇到不熟悉的词也能大致猜出其含义!


brev, bri, brief, 含义是“短” brief, abbreviation, abridge(节略)   

cap, capt, cept, cip, 含义是“取,获” capture, except, concept, capacity    

ced, ceed, cess, 含义是“行,让步” proceed, succeed, excess(过度) 

clos, clud, 含义是“闭合” conclude, enclose, include 

col, cult, 含义是“耕耘” colony, cultivate, agriculture


dic, dict, 含义是“说,示” dictate, edit, indicate, predict 

end, fens, 含义是“打,击” defence, offence  

firm, 含义是“坚固” firm, confirm, affirm(断定) 


hab, habit, hibit, 含义是“保持,住” inhabit, exhibit, prohibit 

ject, jet, 含义是“抛射” project, inject 

jug, junct, 含义是“结合,连合” conjunction, junction(连合)  

long, leng, ling, 含义是“长的” length, prolong, linger 


phon, 含义是“声音” symphony, telephone, microphone 

rupt, 含义是“破坏,毁坏” eruption, bankrupt, corruption 

sci, 含义是“认识,知识” science, conscious  

spec, spect, spitc, spis, 含义是“看,视” inspect, spectator, conspicuous, respect 

temp, tens, 含义是“时间,时机” tense, contemporary, temporal 

us, ut, 含义是“用,使用” usable, utilize, abuse  


vac, van, 含义是“空,虚” vacancy, vanity, evacuate(清空) 

vad, vas, wad, 含义是“走,去” invade, wade, evade(逃避)  

vers, vert, 含义是“旋转,反转” convert, inversion(倒转),reverse, divert(使转向)  

vid, vis, vey, view, 含义是“观看,看见” television, visible, evident, interview

viv, vit, 含义是“生,活” vivid, vital, survival





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