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你说“歌功颂德”没意思,但是有些人,你不歌颂,这世界上就没人知道他们的存在,没人知道他们为了保卫我们的国民安全做出了怎么样的牺牲。有人问我什么人适合观看《湄公河行动》,我告诉他“中国人”!——张涵予


这部片子靠什么在国庆档突出重围,刷爆我们的微博和朋友圈?原因很多,好的导演,契合的演员,但最重要的是这部电影是以真实案件“湄公河惨案”为原型拍摄的。因为真实,所以震撼。


它映射了真实生活中的我们,不管有多少幸福喜乐又或者苦闷憋屈,都必须依赖当下的秩序才能好好的活着,而这个秩序的建立是很多无名英雄的血泪铸就的,盛世之下,总有人为这万家灯火负重前行。缉毒警察在前线用命,我们作为普通人是不是也应该守住自己的底线?那就是“毒品相关的一切都是绝对的,没有丝毫可以退让余地的错误。”


这个世界并不温柔,毒品的侵蚀绝对不是只在电影里,也不是只在云南边境等金三角地带,比如著名的朝阳区群众举报的娱乐圈瘾君子:满文军、萧淑慎、含笑、酒井法子、张一白、高明骏、孙兴、李代沫、柯震东、傅艺伟… 

 

更让人忧心的是,毒品滥用的低龄化已经成为全球问题,青少年沾染毒品屡见不鲜。美国疾病防控中心报告称,从2002年到2013年,美国12岁以上的人群中,吸食过海洛因的人数增长了63%,死亡人数增加3倍。2013年,约有51.7万美国人称在过去一年内吸食过海洛因,8257人吸食过量致死。


It’s important to know the difference between drug abuse and addiction. Many teens experiment with drugs, but aren’t addicted.

青少年沾染毒品在美国屡见不鲜,在这个年龄段滥用毒品更有可能会在成年后成为瘾君子。了解滥用和成瘾非常重要,因为不少青少年只是试验性质地尝试,而非成瘾。


Teen drug abuse can have long-term cognitive and behavioral effects since the teenage brain is still developing. Recognition and prevention of drug use can end an emerging problem before it starts.

由于他们的大脑还在发育中,青少年沾染毒品会对认知和行为造成长期不可估量的影响。所以及早识别和避免接触这些毒品非常重要。


青少年为什么会对毒品产生浓厚兴趣?



Half of all new drug users are under the age of 18. Experimentation plays the biggest role in teenage drug use.

Common reasons teens drug abuse includes:

  • Curiosity

  • Peer pressure

  • Stress

  • Emotional struggles

  • A desire to escape


统计表明,将近一半的新手年龄小于<18岁。其中的大多数都是试验性尝试,最常见原因是:

  • 好奇(curiosity)

  • 朋辈压力(peer pressure)

  • 生活学习压力(stress)

  • 情感困惑/斗争(emotional struggles)

  • 试图逃避现实(a desire to escape)


再来让我们看看青少年能够接触到的最常见的毒品:


Alcohol

Alcohol is the substance most commonly abused by teens. The social acceptance of drinking among people of legal drinking age can lead many teens to view alcohol as relatively harmless. Approximately 20 percent of 12th graders reported binge drinking in 2014. Nearly 40 percent had used alcohol in the last month.

酒精:大部分青少年认为酒精相对无害。2014年调查表明,大概20% 12年级的学生有短期纵酒行为,而接近40%的学生在最近的一个月内有饮酒。纵酒行为会增加日后成瘾的风险。




Marijuana

Regular marijuana users most often started during their adolescence. The perceptions of marijuana use among teens is changing; most high school seniors do not think smoking marijuana occasionally carries any risk. More than 20 percent of teens report having used marijuana at least once in the past month.

大麻(Marijuana):长期使用大麻的人通常开始于青少年期间。绝大多数高中生认为偶尔使用大麻对身体无害。>20%的青少年在最近的一个月内使用一次以上。




Prescriptions and Over-the-counter Medications

Many prescription drugs have intoxicating effects, and this is no secret to most teens. Narcotic painkillers like OxyContin and benzodiazepines like Xanax produce pleasurable effects that teens may seek out. These substances have high addictive potential and a risk of overdose. Nearly 40 percent of teens who abused prescription medication obtained the drugs from their parents’ medicine cabinet.

处方药/非处方药物:不少医用药物大量使用可以致毒,比如疼痛药,镇静剂通常会使使用者有种飘飘欲仙的感觉,往往极易被滥用和过量使用。大概40%滥用医用药物的青少年由偷拿父母的药物而获取。



Teen Drug Abuse Statistics


1
1 in 5 teens

1 in 5 teens have abused prescription medications, according to the Centers for Disease Control.

2
21 percent

Approximately 21 percent of high school seniors have reported using marijuana in the past month, according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse.

3
1 in 3parents

1 in 3 parents believe there is little they can do to prevent teen drug use despite evidence that shows parental involvement is the strongest factor in prevention.


根据CDC 的统计:1/5的青少年曾经或正在滥用医用药物;21%的高中生在过去一个月使用大麻;1/3的家长认为他们的干预无济于事。

所以,面对毒品,防患于未然,刻不容缓



Teens Who May Be at Risk

  • Are in periods of transition. Going from elementary to middle or middle to high school means teens are often introduced to new pressures and influences. Younger teens may be encouraged to do drugs to fit in with the older crowds, and new social circles could introduce teens who are already using drugs.

  • Suffer from mental health disorders. Depression, anxiety and other mental health concerns can manifest in children at a young age. In many cases, those who face these issues are more likely to have a substance abuse problem.

  • Don’t have positive adult influences. Teens who come from broken or abusive homes are rarely aware of the consequences of drug abuse. Additionally, teens who grew up around family or caretakers who abused drugs are far more likely to continue the cycle of abuse in their own lives.


哪些孩子有沾染毒品的危险?

  • 在过渡期的孩子:从小学到初中,从初中到高中,孩子们往往会有新的压力和影响。年龄相对较小的青少年往往会在学长的影响下吸毒。

  • 患有精神疾病的孩子:倍受抑郁症,焦虑症等精神疾病困扰的孩子更容易吸毒。

  • 在家庭因素影响下的孩子:家庭不合,家暴,还有监护人吸毒这些都会影响青少年吸毒的重要因素。


家长可以做到什么:



Setting an example. By showing their teenagers what appropriate substance use or abstinence looks like, parents can teach them by example. This means limiting alcohol use and never driving after drinking. Designated drivers send a powerful message to teens about the importance of not driving under the influence.

树立榜样,提出正反面例子:比如酒后驾车的危害和例子就很有说服力。


Dispelling misconceptions. Young people may internalize the idea that everybody drinks or that some drugs are harmless. It’s important for parents to be aware of these beliefs and help debunk them.

纠正错误观念:不少青少年认为人人饮酒,一些毒品是无害的。家长需要了解他们的想法并帮助他们纠正这些错误观念。


Encouraging open communication. Teens should feel comfortable sharing anything with their parents, including questions about drug or alcohol use. 

开放式交流:而非责备与否定。


Avoiding and debunking media that glamorizes drug abuse. Movies, TV shows, music and video games may paint substance abuse in a positive light. Whenever possible, it’s best to limit these influences, but some are unavoidable. It’s important for parents to talk to their children about these messages and help them understand why drugs in real life aren’t as harmless or as fun as they are portrayed to be in movies.

避免媒体的不良影响:比如一些负面的电影,电视音乐作品。


如果不能防患于未然,识别并且帮助已经沾染毒品的青少年则是下一个目标。


Signs of Teen Drug Abuse



Some common signs of teen drug abuse include:

  • Bad grades

  • Bloodshot eyes

  • Laughing for no reason

  • Loss of interest in activities

  • Poor hygiene

  • Diminished personal appearance

  • Avoiding eye contact

  • Frequent hunger or “munchies”

  • Smell of smoke on breath or clothes

  • Secretive behavior

  • Unusual tiredness

  • Missing curfew


青少年沾染毒品的表现是什么?

  • 成绩下滑

  • 眼球充血

  • 无故大笑

  • 忽视个人卫生

  • 对周围环境和人莫不关心

  • 缺乏眼神交流

  • 经常表现饥饿

  • 口气和衣物有烟味

  • 行为隐秘

  • 经常疲乏无力


Parents can ask straightforward questions when said in the right tone. Simply asking, “Have you been using drugs or alcohol?” or “Has anyone offered you drugs recently?” can be enough to get the conversation started.

一旦识别,可以开诚布公地询问是否沾染毒品,积极寻找行为干预机构,心理医生配合治疗。


文章来源:英语共读

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