【回顾】10.1亚洲SAT考情传递

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新SAT首次全球10月亚洲最大考结束,此次亚太地区出现了三套卷子,分别是东11区一套卷子,韩国一套卷子,香港澳门新加坡等一套卷子。本文主要回顾香港考区情况。


从前方考生反馈的信息来看,此次考试整体难度偏低,阅读题材平易近人,历史考了英美关系,难度极低;语法难度夜比较平稳,极少数题目刁钻,写作来自纽约时报READ, KIDS, READ。以下是本次考试香港考场的考情分析。


一、阅读


此次阅读部分的5篇文章出题顺序为:小说,历史,科学,社会科学,科学。这次阅读有一个图表题,出在双篇阅读中,是科学类文章,略有难度,需要结合文章,考的是细节理解。词汇题没有生僻词,可以说是很简单的词。小说不好做,和上半年真考有差距,考了经典文学名著《简爱》,这往往是OG和可汗的小说风格。虽然文章层次比较清楚,可是GERNERAL TONE模糊,主旨重心不好把握。人文部分比较简单,题材熟悉,论点明确。


第一篇文学:难度中等


文章大意:选自经典文学名著《简爱》,讲一个女的在别人家当governess,孩子叫Adele,孩子很乖,家长也挺好。但是narrator就是对现状不满,想要探索更多外面的世界。


难度分析:文字难度一般,比OG1的Akira难,和OG2的the professor难度差不多。但是小说一般都单词难,这次也不例外,像原文的prattle,选项的surreal相信很多学生都不清楚意思。


题目还原:


1. 主旨题:应选the narrator reflects her feelings。

2 .and3. 询证题:问the narrator怎么看她的学生Adele,应选unremarkable,对应原文的not the greatest, nor deficient。match。

4.目的题/观点题:问simplicity and prattle的意义,应选particular endearing。

5 and 6. 询证题:问作者对于自己herself的看法,应选unbiased,对应原文的I’m merely telling the truth。

8.细节题:Line57的rhetorical question “who blames me”有什么用,应选作者意识到了其他人可能会指责她这种dissatisfaction。

9.   词汇题:nature的意思,应选essential character。这个词在20年SAT阅读题库不知道考过多少次了!总是本质的意思。


第二篇历史:难度中等


文章大意:主要呼吁美国不应受到英国政府的统治。


难度分析:历史类符合我们预测的常考话题,所选文章是Thomas Paine在1776年发表的《Common Sense》。文献大意:有些人觉得我们(美国人)跟英国有天然联系,而作者观点认为英国和我们的关系是剥削压迫的关系,并不是mother country的关系 应该切断和英国的联系。难度一般,新SAT真题历史首次出现单篇。不是双篇再加上相对比较直白的语言,此篇历史很有可能是新SAT到目前为止难度相对最低的历史。


题目还原:


11.   主旨题:就选美国不应受到英国的统治,not governed by Britain。

12.   细节题:问line 1, 17, 47的“some”有什么意义,应选他们的意见对美国是unjust的。

13. 词汇题:问connection,应选relationship。

15.  细节题:问“ancient prejudice”和“superstition”有什么意义,应选emphasize irrationality of the view of colonies。

17. 细节题:问哪个行号支持美国involved in no relationship with other colonies,应选行号内大概有not related to each other的选项。


第三篇自然科学:难度中等


文章大意:讲一个实验怎么证明是地球的气候影响导致岩石减少。


题目概述:题目相对OG很多弱鸡的自然科学有一定难度,估计有一组询证题同学们可能会比较难选出来,但是有简单到哭的图表题。


题目还原:


21.  主旨题:选result of a study验证climate对erosion的影响。

23 and 24: 询证题:问一个早期的实验研究为什么不好,应选因为他们只看了result但不看process。

26. 词汇题:问roughly的意思。应选approximately。

27.  细节/推理题:问温度超过了250度会怎么样。应选Helium will easily diffuse...。

30 and 31: 都是纯粹图表题,easy pseasy,29选0.43这个数字。


第四篇社会科学:难度简单


文章大意:讲urban innovation,研究人员做实验研究了在urban和nonurban地区两种不同类型的创新,innovation of ideas和innovation of process。


题目概述:个人感觉社会科学是这次考试当中题目难度相对最低的。这也和OG1,2,3一致,貌似有趋势总是将社会科学设置成最简单的文章。


题目还原:


32. 细节题:问Lees(科学家)做实验有何意义,选better understand innovation。

33. 词汇题:问sheer的意思。选pure。这个太可怕了,今年北美5月的真题完完全全出现过一模一样

36.  词汇题:问reflect,很简单,选indicate。

40 and 41:纯粹图表题,无难度。

42. 图文结合题:问哪个方面图表体现了但是文章没有体现,应选只有图表体现了实验当中urban cities的数量远多于nonurban cities。


第五篇自然科学:难度中等


文章大意:关于carnivore explosion。第一篇讲为什么carnivore的大量出现会和之前某个时期有gap,S科学家做实验并得出结论,是因为oxygen的存在让carnivore出现。但是最后一段B提出异议,他认为两者的因果关系S搞反了,而lack of oxygen并不会很影响当时的物种。第二篇和第一篇对立,第二篇认为carnivore之所以被认为晚出现是因为那个时期的fossil不能很好保存,和oxygen无关。


题目概述:作为双篇,而且在最后一篇,题目难度即使再简单对大家都可能不会简单到哪去。同学们不仅要对文章的大致意思有所把握,而且要对细节观点有印象,否则后面的双篇题难以下手。


题目还原:


43. 细节题:问第一段的作用。选实验阐明了为什么carnivore didn’t appear earlier。

45 and 46:询证题:问B对S这个实验结论的看法,应选B认为因果搞反了,oxygen is the consequence of carnivores。

47. 细节题:问第二篇哪个行号证明第一篇的interpretation是错的,应选C。

51. 求异题:问两篇文章研究的方法差异。应选第一篇研究的是living species,但是第二篇用的是fossils。


二、语法


语法考试相较于五月份亚太和北美的考试,难度系数要提升一些,主要在于文本的复杂度有了提升,尤其是第三篇讲述一个photographer的文章,更是让很多学生读不太懂,琢磨不透。


回顾本次语法考试,能明显感觉到对于基本语法考点的弱化,除了时态,平行结构,比较结构等考点的考察较难外,没有其他的较难的的考点。而篇章的题目难度加大,主要体现在文本难度高,学生经常看不懂细节处的内容,就更别提对于插入删除等信息的处理了。


今天的四篇文章主题如下:


第一篇科学篇讲述的是太阳黑子现象对于磁场的影响;大致描述了1859年的某一天发生的 solar storm 带来的影响以及提醒未来要做好应对措施,跟维基百科上描述solar storm of 1859的那篇文章内容有较多相似。本篇考时态、增减题、逻辑连接词选择、标点、过渡句选择、合句题等。


第二篇职业篇,讲述的是体育特长大学生的境况;讲职业运动员在上完大学之后去走职业发展这条路虽然不多,但是读大学是对他们是有影响的,开拓眼界,帮助他们选择自己之后人生的道路。


其中,第一题考到了比较简单的主谓一致。总体难度比上一次考试会难一些,出现了一个句子多处划线,并出现了三个句子划线的合句题。图表题,运动员读完大学之后走职业发展这条路的数据,男的 basketball player 的比例1.1%,女的0.9%,图表题难度不大,把数字和项目看懂就可以做出题目。词汇部分考到了 complication,nuisance等单词。


第三篇人文讲述的是一个照相师的作品的发布;内容主要讲的是一个摄影师的作品,开头段由一个在subway背景下的孤独的女人的作品引出,这幅是他的一本作品中的80多幅作品中的其中一幅,其他作品大基本都是偷拍了人群中孤独的人,他有一本书当时一直未成功出版因为当时出版商少,在很多年之后作品出版了,证实了他拍得确实很有价值。题型包含有时态、标点、句子结构之等。


第四篇讲述的是人工机器人设计的越来越像人类的原因和担忧。讲跟真人仿真度高的机器人。首段是讲传统机器人在工业及科学的应用。传统机器人基本外形跟人不像,但现在有一种生产研究仿真忍堵很高的机器人。然后开始说在各个领域这种机器人的好处和需求,但是人们会比较反感或害怕跟真人很像的机器人,有若干原因。题目部分,考查到了标点、从句、逻辑关系、合句、词汇等题型,其中合句和词汇稍有难度。


三、数学


数学无明显难题,但是比较细碎,所有考点都在新考试大纲范围内,比OG略难,比Kaplan,Barron等模拟卷简单。


部分考点:


1.一次方程的解方程,应用题

2.二次方程的解方程,应用题

3.数形结合(一次和二次图像的分析),分析图像走势,斜率,截距,顶点之类。

4.图表问题,分析数据(主要是用数字加减乘除),包括求平均数,中位数,众数。

5.实验样本选取,推理题

6.几何(平面、立体)特别是圆,三角形。

7.三角函数和虚数

8.代数计算题,单位换算之类。


四、写作


本次考试作文题目为:Read, Kids, Read,取自纽约时报,阅读难度不高,且相对生动有趣,是一篇很易写的文章。修辞手段也很容易找到,比如personal anecdote, authoritative source, quotation from an expert等。


原文地址:http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/13/opinion/bruni-read-kids-read.html?_r=0


写作阅读原文:


As an uncle I’m inconsistent about too many things.


Birthdays, for example. My nephew Mark had one on Sunday, and I didn’t remember — and send a text — until 10 p.m., by which point he was asleep.


School productions, too. I saw my niece Bella in “Seussical: The Musical” but missed “The Wiz.” She played Toto, a feat of trans-species transmogrification that not even Meryl, with all of her accents, has pulled off.


But about books, I’m steady. Relentless. I’m incessantly asking my nephews and nieces what they’re reading and why they’re not reading more. I’m reliably hurling novels at them, and also at friends’ kids. I may well be responsible for 10 percent of all sales of “The Fault in Our Stars,” a teenage love story to be released as a movie next month. Never have I spent money with fewer regrets, because I believe in reading — not just in its power to transport but in its power to transform.


So I was crestfallen on Monday, when a new report by Common Sense Media came out. It showed that 30 years ago, only 8 percent of 13-year-olds and 9 percent of 17-year-olds said that they “hardly ever” or never read for pleasure. Today, 22 percent of 13-year-olds and 27 percent of 17-year-olds say that. Fewer than 20 percent of 17-year-olds now read for pleasure “almost every day.” Back in 1984, 31 percent did. What a marked and depressing change.


I know, I know: This sounds like a fogy’s crotchety lament. Or, worse, like self-interest. Professional writers arguing for vigorous reading are dinosaurs begging for a last breath. We’re panhandlers with a better vocabulary.


But I’m coming at this differently, as someone persuaded that reading does things — to the brain, heart and spirit — that movies, television, video games and the rest of it cannot.


There’s research on this, and it’s cited in a recent article in The Guardian by Dan Hurley, who wrote that after “three years interviewing psychologists and neuroscientists around the world,” he’d concluded that “reading and intelligence have a relationship so close as to be symbiotic.”


In terms of smarts and success, is reading causative or merely correlated? Which comes first, “The Hardy Boys” or the hardy mind? That’s difficult to unravel, but several studies have suggested that people who read fiction, reveling in its analysis of character and motivation, are more adept at reading people, too: at sizing up the social whirl around them. They’re more empathetic. God knows we need that.


Late last year, neuroscientists at Emory University reported enhanced neural activity in people who’d been given a regular course of daily reading, which seemed to jog the brain: to raise its game, if you will.


Some experts have doubts about that experiment’s methodology, but I’m struck by how its findings track something that my friends and I often discuss. If we spend our last hours or minutes of the night reading rather than watching television, we wake the next morning with thoughts less jumbled, moods less jangled. Reading has bequeathed what meditation promises. It has smoothed and focused us.


Maybe that’s about the quiet of reading, the pace of it. At Success Academy Charter Schools in New York City, whose students significantly outperform most peers statewide, the youngest kids all learn and play chess, in part because it hones “the ability to focus and concentrate,” said Sean O’Hanlon, who supervises the program. Doesn’t reading do the same?


Daniel Willingham, a psychology professor at the University of Virginia, framed it as a potentially crucial corrective to the rapid metabolism and sensory overload of digital technology. He told me that it can demonstrate to kids that there’s payoff in “doing something taxing, in delayed gratification.” A new book of his, “Raising Kids Who Read,” will be published later this year.


Before talking with him, I arranged a conference call with David Levithan and Amanda Maciel. Both have written fiction in the young adult genre, whose current robustness is cause to rejoice, and they rightly noted that the intensity of the connection that a person feels to a favorite novel, with which he or she spends eight or 10 or 20 hours, is unlike any response to a movie.


That observation brought to mind a moment in “The Fault in Our Stars” when one of the protagonists says that sometimes, “You read a book and it fills you with this weird evangelical zeal, and you become convinced that the shattered world will never be put back together unless and until all living humans read the book.”


Books are personal, passionate. They stir emotions and spark thoughts in a manner all their own, and I’m convinced that the shattered world has less hope for repair if reading becomes an ever smaller part of it.


本文考情回顾整理自公众号:时坚Time全能英语 坚果教育 Mickey、新课堂ThinkTown等。指南君诚意推荐~


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