北领地第二轮引进低技能外劳政策正式生效

2019年01月10日 澳洲新闻


从今年1月1日起,北领地第二轮引进低技能外国劳工的移民政策正式生效。117个紧缺移民职业为那些愿意在北领地至少居住和工作三年的外国人带来了移民澳洲的希望。



为了解决人口不足、劳动力短缺的问题,北领地政府参加了第二轮指定区域移民协议(DAMA II),同意在未来5年接受一些低技能、英语能力有限的外国劳工,如果他们能在北领地居住和生活至少三年,就可以申请永居。北领地政府希望以此来保障当地人口的增长。


与第一轮指定区域移民协议相比,第二轮协议新增加了36个职业,并且提供了申请永居的通道。


这117个紧缺职业包括厨师、园丁、发动机机械师、面点师、咖啡师、巴士司机等技工职业和专业技术职业。


当地雇主可以在本地劳动力无法满足需求的前提下,雇佣那些技术和专业能力达标的海外移民。英语能力达到基本要求,收入满足临时技术移民收入下限(TSMIT)的外国人可以申请职业清单上的职位,并有机会转为永久居民。


这项措施也是为了向大城市以外的地区输送移民人口,为悉尼和墨尔本这样的大城市减轻移民带来的人口压力。除了北领地外,维州的偏远地区沃南布尔(Warrnambool)也参加了这项计划。


北领地首长冈纳尔(Michael Gunner)发布声明说,第二轮指定区域移民协议额外增加了申请永居的通道,这对移民来很有吸引力,政府可以吸引更多技术移民搬到北领地来长期居住。北领地政府的第一要务是本地人的就业,但同时也要为许多雇主解决人才不足的问题。


“更多人口会带来更多的工作和强劲的经济,也意味着更好的学校、医院和更多警察。” 冈纳尔说。


移民部长高民(David Coleman)在声明中说,第二轮指定区域移民协议是政府利用移民项目让特定地区受益的例证。移民政策可以被用来更好地解决偏远地区人才紧缺的问题。


北领地第二轮指定区域移民职业清单如下:


Accountant (General)

Accounts Clerk

Airplane Pilot

Aged or Disabled Carer

Agricultural and Horticultural Mobile Plant Operator

Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanic

Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (Avionics)

Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (Mechanical)

Aquaculture Farmer

Arborist

Automotive Electrician

Baker

Bar Attendant Supervisor

Barista

Beauty Therapist

Beef Cattle Farmer

Bookkeeper

Bus Driver

Butcher or Smallgoods Maker

Cabinetmaker

Cabler (Data and Telecommunications)

Cafe or Restaurant Manager

Carpenter

Chef

Chief Executive or Managing Director

Child Care Center Manager

Child Care Worker

Civil Engineering Technician

Community Worker

Conference and Event Organizer

Cook

Cook (includes Ethnic Cuisine)

Crowd Controller

Customer Service Manager

Deck Hand

Dental Assistant

Diesel Engine Mechanic

Disabilities Services Officer

Diver

Early Childhood (Pre-primary School)Teacher

Earth Science Technician

Earthmoving Plant Operator (General)

Electrical Linesworker

Electronic Instrument Trades Worker (General)

Excavator Operator

Facilities Manager

Family Day Care Worker

Family Support Worker

Fitter (General)

Fitter and Turner

Fitter-Welder

Floor Finisher

Flying Instructor

Forklift Driver

Fruit or Nut Grower

Gaming Worker

Hair or Beauty Salon Manager

Hairdresser

Hardware Technician

Hotel or Motel Manager

Hotel or Motel Receptionist

Hotel Service Manager

ICT Customer Support Officer

ICT Support Technicians nec

Interpreter

Landscape Gardener

Licensed Club Manager

Linemarker

Management Accountant

Marketing Specialist

Metal Fabricator

Mixed Crop and Livestock Farmer

Mixed Crop Farmer

Mixed Livestock Farmer

Mechanic Motor (General)

Motor Vehicle or Caravan Salesperson

Motor Vehicle Parts and Accessories Fitter (General)

Motor Vehicle Parts Interpreter

Motorcycle Mechanic

Nursing Support Worker

Office Manager

Out of School Hours Care Worker

Panelbeater

Personal Care Assistant

Pharmacy Technician

Plumber (General)

Pressure Welder

Program or Project Administrator

Property Manager

Recreation Officer

Residential Care Worker

Retail Manager (General)

Retail Supervisor

Sales and Marketing Manager

Sheetmetal Trades Worker

Ship’s Engineer

Ship’s Master

Small Engine Mechanic

Sound Technician

Supply and Distribution Manager

Taxation Accountant

Telecommunications Cable Jointer

Telecommunications Linesworker

Telecommunications Technician

Therapy Aide

Tour Guide

Truck Driver (General)

Vegetable Grower

Vehicle Painter

Veterinary Nurse

Waiter Supervisor

Waste Water or Water Plant Operator

Web Administrator

Web Designer

Welder (First Class)

Welfare Worker

Youth Worker









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