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11 Some people think that women should have the same right as men to choose their profession. Others, however, believe that women are less able than men to do certain jobs. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
A: equal rights can keep a social balance, maximize human resources for the society, involving women to work and even political life using their intelligence
B: some professions like police, army are not suitable for women to do due to their physical weakness.
12 Some people think that a high salary is the most important factor in choosing a job. Others, however, believe that job security is more important. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
high salary: better support family and more independent, quality life, realization of self-esteem, win more respect
job security: secure job means stable income, but may lose more money. boring
my opinion: career development is more important for young employees, on-spot training
13 Some people think that cultural traditions will be destroyed if they are used as money-making attractions aimed at tourists. Others, however, believe that this is the only way to save these traditions. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
A: careless travelers tend to exploit tourist resources. fragile ones are hard to be intact because of repetitive visits. money-making operators don’t care about them;
A: attractions with cultural traditions can be maintained by the income made from tourists. governments lack funding;
Arguments: not the only way, governments can regulate operators to regularly maintain, government funding
14 Some people think that museums and art galleries should be enjoyable places to entertain people. Others, however, believe that the purpose of museums and art galleries is to educate. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
A: interesting enough attract inbound and outbound visitors, otherwise lose them, finally closed. cutting-edge technology such as 3D, VR should be involved
B: supplementary resource for schools and local citizens, as well as researchers
Arguments: combination of the entertainment and education
15 Some people believe that old buildings should be protected by law. Others, however, think that they should be replaced by new buildings. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
A: laws regulate property development, thus effectively protecting traditional buildings. Once damaged, they can’t be restored. will lose national identities. New buildings will become visual pollution, boring, loss of diversity.
B: populated country like China desperately demand more space to accommodate citizens. New buildings may attract younger generation. Old ones lack maintenance, eg. heating systems don’t work
Arguments: reach a balance
16 More and more people are moving from rural areas to cities in search of a better life, but city life has its own problems. What are these problems? Suggest some solutions.
Problems: crimes, traffic jam, pollutions, insufficient supply of quality education and hospitalization
Solutions: reduce unemployment and strengthen education of laws, build more roads while developing public transport, regulate using polluting machines and mechanics, promote environment-friendly practices
17 Charities cannot help everyone in the world. They should only provide aid to people in need in their own countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Pros: it’s more important to make nationals and citizens happy, many problems such as unemployment, crimes, old infrastructures exist for solutions
Cons: partially participating in international affairs, helping reduce disasters, support of money and materials, technology
18 Some people believe that dangerous sports should be banned. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Dangerous sports: horse riding, boxing, gymnastics, football, rugby, motor riding
Pros: any sports can cause injury and death, more excitement, more entertainment, laws to protect sportsmen, and to use protective accessories, moral education by clubs. encouraging aggressive person to become professional
Cons: many people died or injured from these sports, wrong message to children, eg. boxing, that using fists is more effective than words, developing violence,
19 The time and money spent on the protection of wild animals should be spent on improving human lives instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Pros: animals are the essential part of the environment human being live in. without them, human being would suffer.
Cons: limited public treasure should be used efficiently to cope with or tackle the problems faced by governments including unemployment, lack of public facilities, aged care centers, hospitals, schools
20 Some people think that governments should impose heavy taxes on drivers and airlines to protect the environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Pros: in cities they really emit a large amount of emission into the atmosphere, so they should undertake the responsibility for reducing the pressure.
Cons: Other stakeholders should also be responsible for this, such as chemical factories, households