get这些雅思阅读增分技巧,教你告别“纠结党”

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不少亲学生在做阅读的时候,经常因为遇到Y/N/NG就秒变“深度纠结晚期患者”,而考阅读的时间,就是被自己一纠结就耽误过去的!那么,在做雅思阅读的时候,什么情况下是yes, 什么情况下是no 还有什么情况下是NG?如果觉得自己的阅读实力真心够呛,不妨好好记住下面的“定律”哦!




Yes




1.题目是根据原文同义表达,通常是同义词之间的替换或者是同义结构。




举例


原文:According to the survey of 2012, men are taller than women.

题目:The survey of 2012 finds that women are smaller than men.

定位词:年代2012


考点词:taller(同义结构)

原文:Frogs are losing the ecological battle for survival, and biologists are at a loss to explain their demise.

题目:Biologists are unable to explain why the frogs are dying.

定位词:biologists 学科类的专有名词,生物学家


考点词: unable(同义词)





2. 题目是根据原文中的话来推断出来。




举例:


原文:On 13 July 1907, Baekeland took out his famous patent describing his Modern-day plastic preparation, the essential features of which are still in use today.

题目:Modern-day plastic preparation is based on the same principles as that patented in 1907. 

定位词:年代1907


考点词:same(句子意思推断答案)








No




1. 题目与原文的意思相反: 通常是反义词, 否定词(no/never/not)+同义词,或者是反义结构




举例:


原文:Eating hamburgers is beneficial to peoples’ health.

题目:Eating hamburgers is bad for peoples’ health.

定位词:Eating hamburgers


考点词:形容词bad

原文:Data showing the scale of the nickel sulphide problem is almost impossible to find.

题目:There is plenty of documented evidence available about the incidence of nickel sulphide failure.

定位词:nickel sulphide


考点词:plenty of 介词短语做形容词





2. 原文中是几个条件得出一个结论,条件以并列的方式出现,常用both..and.., and, or 或者also等, 题目却出现must 或者only,表示只有这个条件就可以得到结论。




举例:


原文:Since the Olympics began, 36 out of 58 gold medals have been won by the athletes from China and USA.

题目:Only the competitors in China have won the gold medals in the Olympics.

定位词: Olympics


考点词:only




3. 原文是某种理论或者是感觉,比如theory, feel等,而题目是事实或已经被证明,常有fact 或者prove等词。




举例


原文:The professor feels/guesses that H7N9 can transmit from people to people.

题目:The professor proves that H7N9 can transmit among the people.

定位词:H7N9


考点词:proves




4. 原文和题目使用了表示不同频率或者范围的词汇。


比如: 

原文中用most,题目中用all或者few;原文中用sometimes,题目中用often之类的词; 原文中用possible而题目是impossible等。


举例:
原文:Most people in the class are from Shanghai.
题目:All the people in the class are from Shanghai.
定位词:Shanghai

考点词:All


5. 原文中包含条件状语if/unless/Provided that…(假如) 或者是in… 和 with…介词短语表示条件状语,题目却去掉了这些表示条件状语的部分。




举例


原文:The Internet is a hazardous tool in the hands of small children.题目:The Internet is a dangerous instrument.定位词: Internet

考点词: dangerous 



原文: Lily can ride the bike with the help of her mother.

题目: Lily can ride the bicycle.

定位词:Lily

考点词: can






Not Given




1.题目在原文中找不到依据。


切记不能光凭自己的知识理解来判断,即使出现题目中说“地球是方的”.


2. 题目的范围比原文的范围小。(如果反过来,就是T)

举例:

原文:Tea is good for peoples’ health.
题目:People can get benefits from Green Tea.


3. 题目中有比较结构,原文中无比较结构。




举例


原文:And the future? It is anticipated that, in the years to come, leisure facilities spending will account for between a third and a half of all household spending. Whilst it is difficult to give exact figures, the leisure industry will certainly experience a long period of sustained growth.

题目:In future, people will pay less for the leisure facilities they use than they do today.

定位词:leisure facilities


考点词:less




4. 题目中有表示趋势的词或词组,而原文却无法找到相关的表达。




举例


原文:The future, we are told, is likely to be different. Detailed surveys of social and economic trends in the European Community show that Europe’s population is falling and getting older. The birth rate in the Community is now only three-quarters of the level needed to ensure replacement of the existing population. By the year 2020, it is predicted that more than one in four Europeans will be aged 60 or more and barely one in five will be under 20. In a five-year period between 1983 and 1988 the Community’s female workforce grew by almost six million. As a result, 51% of all women aged 14 to 64 are now economically active in the labor market compared with 78% of men.

题目:The rise in the female workforce in the European Community is a positive trend.

定位词:European Community female workforce(专有名词)


考点词:positive




这道题引出:如果原文没有提到,也只能是NG。或者,题目中表示现在情况,而原文表示将来或者过去,也是NG,反之亦然。


5.主体动作发生的时间段不一样,导致信息无法判断。




举例


原文:Since the early years of the twentieth century, when the International Athletic Federation began keeping records, there has been a steady improvement in how fast athletes run, how high they jump…

题目:There was little improvement in athletic performance before the twentieth century.

定位词:年代twentieth century


考点词:little,before




6. 题目中句子的主语或宾语和原文中的主语和宾语进行了“偷天换日”, 因此无法判断,为NG。




举例


原文:In the last 20 years, scientists have detected an increasing variety of toxic contaminants in the North, including pesticides from agriculture, chemicals and heavy metals from industry. These are substances that have invaded ecosystems virtually worldwide, but they are especially worrisome in the Arctic.

题目:Industry in the Arctic has increased over the last 20 years.

定位词:Arctic,20 years


考点词:increased




对于Y/N/NG这类题目,还有1项黄金法则,不妨在时间紧急又太纠结的时候用起来:


题目中若出现must,only,all,most及always等极端绝对化的词语,答案是80%是F,20%是NG。




举例


原文:Hydroelectric power is at present the earth’s chief renewable electricity source, generating 6% of global energy and about 15% of worldwide electricity. Hydroelectric power in Canada is plentiful and provides 60% of their electrical requirements. Usually regarded as an inexpensive and clean source of electricity, most big hydroelectric projects being planned today are facing a great deal of hostility from environmental groups and local people.

题目:Canada uses the most hydroelectric power in the world today.

定位词:Canada ,hydroelectric power



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