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10. Vanity Fair   《名利场》,1848年

作者:William Makepeace Thackeray


This novel features probably the greatest anti-heroine in English literature, Becky Sharp, and a plot that revolves around class, social climbing and a financial crisis that will seem eerily familiar to modern readers. Vanity Fair has it all. It both speaks of its time, and speaks of all times.

这部小说的主角或许是英国文学史上最知名的非正统派女主角——贝奇·夏普,小说的情节围绕阶级、跻身上流社会以及引发现代读者奇异的熟悉感的金融危机。《名利场》这些要素全都具备, 讲述那个年代,也讲述着所有年代。

9. Frankenstein   《弗兰肯斯坦》,1818年

作者:Mary Shelley 玛莉·雪莱

This pioneering work of science fiction and Gothic horror developed an indelible "monster" of a theme that has endured for centuries: of the scientist as a "modern Prometheus".


8. David Copperfield   《大卫·科波菲尔》,1850年

作者:Charles Dickens 查尔斯·狄更斯

David Copperfield is populated by some of the most vivid characters ever created. They are as much a part of readers' world, and their way of thinking about the world, as people they have actually met.


7. Wuthering Heights    《呼啸山庄》,1847年

作者:Emily Brontë 艾米莉·勃朗特

Wuthering Heights is "powered by more psychological energy than any book ever written". Readers admire Wuthering Heights because of "its layered narrative structure, because it is a work of incredible imagination, and because it is far more than a love story. The story shows "the eternal rocks beneath" our fleeting desires.


6. Bleak House    《荒凉之屋》,1853年

作者:Charles Dickens 查尔斯·狄更斯

Bleak House is among Dickens novels, uniquely original in its alternation of first-person past-tense chapters with a concurrent third-person account in present tense.


5. Jane Eyre   《简·爱》,1847年

作者:Charlotte Brontë 夏洛蒂·勃朗特

Brontë's revolutionary 1847 Gothic romance about a young woman seeking a richer and more passionate life on her own still resonates with modern readers. Brontë's novel features the orphan Jane Eyre's search for an identity, her powerful attraction to her master, Mr Rochester, and an intimate description of her complex moral choices and sometimes raw emotional states.

勃朗特这部哥特式爱情传奇出版于1847年,内容革新,讲述了一个年轻女性追寻更为充实激情的生活,至今仍能引起现代读者的共鸣。 勃朗特小说的主人翁简·爱是个孤儿,追寻着自我的身份,主人罗切斯特先生深深吸引着她;小说真切描述了简·爱复杂的道德抉择及其有时显得有些原始的情感状态。

4. Great Expectations    《远大前程》,1861年

作者:Charles Dickens 查尔斯·狄更斯

Great Expectations might be the quintessential British novel. To re-read Dickens' classic as an adult is to discover its wit and brio(文笔生动), its influence, and its truth. It has all the elements of classic Dickens – endearing, flawed characters; a plot that skewers(串住、刺穿) the politics of the time; subplots that skewer morality and culture; a love story; and a wonderful storyline.


3. Mrs Dalloway    《达洛卫夫人》,1925年

作者:Virginia Woolf 弗吉尼亚·伍尔芙

If the most precious gift of the novel as a medium is the power it has to break into the prison of human consciousness, to expose the gossamer (蛛丝似的,纤细缥缈的) weave of thought and feeling and memory that makes up our innermost lives, then Woolf's fourth novel stands alone at the pinnacle(顶峰). Virginia Woolf made modernism live and breathe.


2. To the Lighthouse    《到灯塔去》,1927年

作者:Virginia Woolf 弗吉尼亚·伍尔芙

Subtle, beautiful, staggeringly intelligent and flat-out original. A masterpiece of modernism, its stream-of-consciousness, richness of language and perceptions has continued to reveal itself.


1.Middlemarch    《米德尔马契》,1874年

作者:George Eliot 乔治·艾略特

A novel of great characters, it's an even greater novel of ideas and ideals. Middlemarch is the greatest social and psychological novel ever written in English.